Chaitra Navratri, Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri, Gudi Padwa, and Ugadi is one of the three and a half significant periods or Sade Teen Muhurat to start an event or a venture. People keep Navdurga Vrat and perform Puja, Havan, or Hom to please nine forms of Ma Durga.
Vasant Navratri or Chaitra Navratri is one of the major spring festivals in India. Chaitra Navratri is also known as Yugadi, Samvatsar Padavo, Cheti Chand or Navareh.
There are two popular Navratri in a year-Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri and two Gupt Navratri, out of all the four Navratri.
These popular Navratri are Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri/ Sharadiya Navratri.
Chaitra Navratri 2023
Vasant Navratri or Chaitra Navratri begins on Pratipada, Wednesday, March 22, and ends on Navami, Thursday, March 30. Navratri Paran day is on Friday day, March 31, 2023.
There are two Gupt Navratri (secret Navratri), Magh Gupt Navratri and Ashadha Gupt Navratri.
Magh Gupt Navratri 2023
People observe two Gupt Navratri for performing Puja, Mantra Siddhi, and chanting Mantra secretly to please Goddess.
The first Gupt Navratri is Magh Gupt Navratri commences in the Magh Maas. Magh Gupt Navratri begins on Magh Shukla Paksha Pratipada.
This Navratri begins on Sunday, January 22, 2023, and ends on Monday, January 30, 2023.
Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2022
The other Gupt Navratri is observed in Ashadha Maas. Ashadha Gupt Navratri starts on June 30, Thursday, Ashadha Shukla Paksha Pratipada (Purnima). This Gupt Navratri ends on July 08, Friday.
Chaitra Navratri/ Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri 2023
Vikram Samvat 2080 (Lunar Hindu New year) or Marathi Vikram Samvat 2080, Ananda begins on Chaitra Pratipada (Padawa) on Wednesday, March 22, 2023.
Chaitra Navratri begins on the first day of the waxing moon or Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the lunar month of Chaitra.
Navratri ends after Ram Navami Havan, which is on Thursday, 30th March 2023 on Ram’s birth anniversary.
(The last day of Navratri Puja is called Navratri Paran, after a nine-day fast on Friday, 31th March 2023)
Arival of Maa Durga, 22 March 2023
Generally, Maa Durga’s vehicle is a lion. But it keeps changing when Maa comes on earth.
Maa Durga arrives on Wednesday, March 22, 2023.
Results of arrival on a horse:
The arrival on a horse is not considered auspicious. There will be unrest instability in society, upheaval in power, and war, or war-like situation among countries.
The departure of Maa Durga, on 10th April 2022
Maa Durga departs on Sunday, this means Maa is going back on a buffalo.
Results of departure on buffalo:
This departure is also considered inauspicious. There will be sorrow, through increased health problems, outbreaks of an epidemic, or natural disasters.
We can get blessings from the Goddess by performing Puja, Vrat, and other rituals. The ill effects and inauspiciousness will be minimised.
Ram Navami falls on the ninth day during Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri festival. Navami Puja Muhurat (Lord Rama’s birthday) is in Abhijit Muhurat on Wednesday, 30 March 2023.
Chaitra Navratri festival in different states of India
In India people celebrate Chaitra Shukla Paksha Padwa, differently. This is Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Navareh in Kashmir, which is the Hindu New year, Sajibu Nongma Panda, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India. Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of South India celebrate the day as Ugadi.
Sindhi people celebrate it as Jhulelal Jayanti or Cheti Chand on the second day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha.
This festival is also celebrated as Navareh, Sajibu Nongma Panda, Cheiraoba, Rangoli Bihu in North-East India.
In Punjab, the date for Vaisakhi celebrations will be on 14th April, 2023, which is the Hindu Nav Varsha or New Year, based on the Solar calendar.
Chaitra Navratri festival celebration in other states as follows:
Pana Sankranti in Orissa and Pohela Boishakh (Naba Barsha) in West Bengal on 15th April, 2023.
Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam, and other north-Eastern states.Though the dates for these festivals are different.
Himachal Day and Good Friday will be celebrated on April 15, 2022.
The pleasant season due to the Sun’s influence on earth with the end of spring and the beginning of autumn is most significant and auspicious for the devotion of Lord Rama and Goddess Durga (Goddess of Shakti).
People observe fast, worship, and do prescribe rituals for eight or nine days after performing Ghatasthapana.
The first thing to do is worship or Puja of Lord Ganesha.
During the auspicious occasion of Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri and Sharad Navratri, nine forms of Goddess Maa Durga are worshiped.
The method of Ghatasthapana and Puja of Goddess Durga is the same as the Kalash Sthapana and Puja in Ashwin Sharadiya Navratri or Maha Navratri.
Read Kalash Sthapana Or Ghata Sthapana/ Navratri for more information.
The method of Kalash sthapana/ Vasant Navratri/ Basant Navratri
The method of Kalash Sthapana, step by step, and the list of items required for Puja are available in the article ‘Kalash Sthapana Or Ghat Sthapana/ Navratri’ on this site astroask.com.
On Chaitra Navami, the last day of Navratri, Maa Siddhidatri (all the nine forms of Maa Durga), devitees worship by chanting Mantra ”Om Siddhidatri Durgayae Namah!!”.
Havan should be done with barley and black sesame seeds (Jau and Til).
People invite nine or eleven children (seven or nine girls and at least two boys) for a feast or Kanya Bhoj at the devotee’s house.
They give money and clothes as a donation. Then they remove Kalash and Nariyal (coconut) from the place of Kalasha Sthapana.
The holy water of Kalash is sprinkled on Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padavo 2023/ Vikram Samvat 2080 in all parts of the house for Maa Durga’s blessings.
This Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami is also celebrated by Hindus as the birthday of Lord Rama, known as the Ram Navami festival.
Generally, people perform Puja and Havan after 12:00 PM till 1:00 PM, by reciting Bal Kanda from Ramayana in most of the cities of North India and different parts of the world.
Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padavo 2023/ Vikram Samvat 2080
Gudi Padwa is one of the auspicious Sade Teen Mahurat that falls under the significant Sadhe Teen Muhurat Akshaya Tritiya, Gudi Padwa, Vijaya Dashami, and half of Bali Pratipada.
According to the Hindu calendar, the Marathi New year or Vikram Samvat 2080 begins on Wednesday, March 22, 2023.
Gudi means flag or Dhwaj, and Padwa means Pratipada(Prathama) or the new Moon day.
In Maharashtra and Konkan, people observe Gudi Padwa as the first day of the year, which is based on the Luni-solar calendar or Surya Siddhanta.
This Tithi considers the position of the Moon and the position of the Sun dividing the year into months and days.
That is why Hindu New Year is celebrated twice in the year with different names and at two different times of the year.
On this day new Samvatsar begins, these Samvatsar have a unique name.
The festival Gudi Padwa begins with a ritual oil bath followed by prayers. Oil baths and eating Neem leaves are the most important rituals suggested by scriptures.
North Indians also eat Neem with Mishri on the first day of Navratri.
The Gudi Padwa celebrations were started by the great warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji after his victory, it symbolises victory or ‘Vijay Dhwaj’.
Ghatasthapna Muhurat 2022 for Chaitra Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra, and Ugadi is the same festival, according to the local sunrise of that place. It should be done before the Hindu midday during Tithi Pratipada.
Ghata sthapana- Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra
Kalash Sthapana or Ghatasthapana on Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana, Gudi Padwa is on Chaitra Pratipada Tithi which begins on March 22, 2023, this year.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri Ghata Sthapana/ Kalash Sthapana Mahurat 2022 auspicious time
The best auspicious Muhurata for Ghatasthapana is as follows:
Auspicious Ghatasthapana Muhurata for Navratri Puja, Gudi Padwa, and Yugadi is from 06: 22 AM to 08: 31 AM (I.S.T.) after sunrise on 02-4-2022, during Brahma Muhurat and Meen Lagna (Dwisvabhava Rashi).
The next auspicious Muhurat is Abhijit Muhurat, as Abhijit Muhurat is also auspicious for Kalash Sthapana.
Last day of Chaitra Navratri 2022
Usually, the 9th and last day of Navratri happens on Ram Navami.
The last and the 10th day is the last day or Parana. This will be on April 11, 2022, after Durga Navami or nine days of Puja rituals or Vrat, which is Chaitra Navratri Parana Day.
Thus the auspicious Chaitra Navratri celebrations are continuously for nine days.
Nine days or Tithi for Navratri Puja 2023 based on Hindu- Calendar
The dates or Tithi and the days or Var for the worship of nine forms of Maa Durga Chaitra Navratri in March 2023 according to the Hindu calendar 2023 are as follows:
Wednesday, 1st day- 22nd March: Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada,1st day, Chandra Darshan, Maa Shailputri puja, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi, Ghata Sthapana (grass) or Kalash Sthapana. Ghatasthapana Muhurta is during Meena Lagna (Dwisvabhava Rashi).
Thursday, 2nd day- 23rd March: Cheti Chand, Dwitiya, 2nd day, Ma Brahmacharini Puja, Singhara Dooj.
Friday, 3rd day – 24th March: Tritiya, 3rd day, Ma Chandraghanta Puja, Gauri Puja, Saubhagya Teej, Gangaur.
Saturday, 4th day- 25th March: Vinayaka Chaturthi/ Lakshmi Panchami, 4th day, Ma Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayaka Chauth.
Sunday, 5th day- 26th March: Panchami/Shashti, 5th day, Ma Skandamata Puja, Naag Puja, Skanda Sashti.
Monday, 6th day- 27th March: Sashti, 6th day, Ma Katyayani Puja, Yamuna Chhatha, Chaiti Chhatra.
Tuesday, 7th day- 28th March: Saptami, 7th day, Maha Saptami /Ashtami Vrat, Kalaratri Puja, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Kalratri Puja, Annapurna Ashtami.
Wednesday, 8th day- 29th March: Ashtami, 8th day, Shri Durga Ashtami, Sandhi Puja: Ashtami and Navami Havan, Maha Gauri Puja, Ma Siddhidatri Puja.
Thursday, 9th day- 30th March: Navratri: 9th day, Ram Navami/ Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami.
Friday, Paran day- 31th March: Chaitra Navratri Parana, Navratri Parana, Chaitra Navaratri ends.
Nav-varna Mantra of Goddess Durga
Repeat this Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga 108 times.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
‘ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुंडायै विच्चे’
Navratri Mantra for 9 forms of Goddess Durga
Repeat each Mantra of Durga 108 times at each sitting during the period of Navratri. Dedicate the day for Navratri and respective prayers are as follows:
1). Shailputri Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Śailaputrayai Namaḥ ॐ देवी शैलपुत्रयायै नमः
2). Brahmacharini Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Brahmachāriṇyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी ब्रह्म चारयै नम:
3). Chandraghanta Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Chandraghaṇṭāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी चंद्रघंटयायै नमः
4). Kushmanda Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kūṣmāṇḍāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कूष्मान डायै नम:
5). Skandmata Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Skandamātāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी स्कंद मातायै नम:
6). Katyayani Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kātyāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कात्यायै नम:
7). Kalaratri Devi Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kālarātrayai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कालरात्रयै नम:
8). Mahagauri Devi Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah ॐ देवी महागौरयायै नम:
9). Siddhidatri Devi Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्रायै नम: