Panchang or Panchaga is always location-specific. It gives important and accurate information about significant inauspicious and auspicious Muhurata or Muhurat, Vara, Tithi, Karan, Daily Yog, and Nakshatra. These are available in the Hindu calendar or Panchangam.
Dates for festivals, Vrat or Upvas, rainfalls, and ups and downs in the market are available through the Indian calendar or Panchang.
Panchang or the Hindu calendar depends upon celestial happenings, which may be considered the ancient Indian version of EphemerisThe book refers to the list of zodiacal position of signs, planets and other astronomical data of daily astrology, over a long period used to prepare birth chart and other predictions, the plural of ephemeris is Ephemerides More, which is used by Indian astrologers for carrying out calculations in Vedic astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More.
Panchangam or Panhang gives information about the transitMovement of planets in the sky in real time More and position of planets in Hindu calendar months or Indian National calendar, whether in combustion or retrogradeWhen a planet is considered moving backwards in astrology A retrograde planet has less energy or strength More, constellations (Nakshatra).
It tells us the daily movement or the position of the Moon, as well as the angularAngles represent cardinal qualities (90°,180°,270°), major points in an astrological chart More relationship between the Sun and Moon.
People obtain important information about sunrise, sunset, Rahukal or Rahukaalam, and Lagna Pravesh (starting of ascendants) through Panchang.
Panchang provides us the exact wedding time for the marriage or Vivah-Muhurat, Masik Rashifal (monthly prediction), the exact time for the occurrence of eclipses, and rituals to be performed.
The Indian calendar or Panchanga also tells about the list of Indian government holidays.
Panchang or Panchangam is known as Panjika in the eastern region of India, including West Bengal, Orissa, and Assam, it is called Panchangam in southern India.
It is available in many Indian languages in tabular form and the calculations are obtained in hours, minutes, and seconds, i.e.Indian standard time, as well as Ghati or Ghatika, Pal, and Vipal, i.e. Local mean timeL.M.T means actual time of a given location, based upon sun’s position at noon. More.
Indian Vedic unit of time
2 and a 1/2 Ghati=1 hour, 2 and a 1/2 Pal=1 minute, 2 and a 1/2 Vipal=1 second.
Ghatika or Ghati is also known as Nizhika (in South India) and Danda in West Bengal.
Five elements of Panchang
Panch means five and Anga means limbs (parts), when added together, form Panchang or five elements. These five elements are as follows:
Var, Tithi (Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha), Nakshatra, Daily Yoga, Karana.
The word Vaar means the day of the week or Din, from Sunday to Saturday and the duration is from the sunrise to the next day’s sunrise.
The word Tithi means the date or lunar day. Total Tithi is 30 in numbers, fifteen in Shukla Paksha, and the remaining fifteen in Krishna Paksha.
Paksha: The whole month or Maas is divided into two Paksha of fifteen days each.
Shukla Paksha or bright fortnight
Full moon: Full moon is the phase of the moon we see two weeks after the new moon.
When the moon is waxing, it is called Shukla Paksha or bright fortnight. The last day of Shukla Paksha, which is the brightest and has a full moon is called Puranmasi or Purnima or the end of the month.
A child born in Shukla Paksha is considered lucky, even if the individual birth chartA diagram showing exact position of planets in signs at time of birth of an individual prepared with the help of time, date and place of birth More is not so good.
Krishna Paksha or dark fortnight
New moon: The phase of the moon, when we do not see the moon in the sky unless there is a solar eclipse, is called the new moon.
Krishna Paksha is the dark fortnight, when the moon is waning or fading, which begins on a new moon and ends on Amavasya.
A Tithi (date) may start or end at any time of the day, as they depend upon the position of the sun and moon. Tithi will vary in duration, according to the degrees of sun and moon.
When a Tithi begins before sunrise and remains till the next day’s sunrise is known as Tithi Vriddhi.
When a Tithi begins after sunrise and ends after the next day’s sunrise is called Tithi Kshaya or diminishing.
Tithi Akshaya Tritiya never diminishes, falls once every year, on the third Tithi of Vaishakha, Shukla Paksha, hence this auspicious Tithi is known as Akshaya Tritiya.
Five kinds of Tithi and facts about constellations:
Tithi is of five kinds and starts with Pratipada or Padwa. They commence in the following order:
Nanda (happiness)-Pratipada, Shashti and Ekadashi
Jaya (victory)- Tuesday– Tritiya, Ashtami and Trayodashi
Bhadra or Vishti (inauspicious for all events)- Dwitiya, Saptami, and Dwadashi
Rikta (loss or Nasht)-Saturday – Chaturthi, Navami, and Chaturdashi
Purna (complete-Sampurna)- Thursday Panchami, Dashami, and Amavasya or Purnima
NAKSHATRA (constellations) There are 27 Nakshatras or constellations. These constellations complete the cycleA complete revolution of planet in the heaven More of 360° of the ZodiacHeaven divided into 12 signs, of 30° each More and are divided into 27 parts.
Each constellationA group of visible stars making a figure and visible at the night sky. Constellations (Nakshatras) are 27 divisions of zodiac, each measuring 13.20'. They are also termed as Lunar mansions (Nakshatra in Indian Vedic astrology) More is 13°20’ and is divided into four pada (Charana).
With the help of the constellations or Nakshatras, astrologers can tell the past and predict the future of an individual as well as the marriage compatibility between a boy and a girl.
Nakshatras or constellations are also used for commercial predictions.
We can get help in prediction through the Nakshatra; the destiny of the specific day is decided according to the characteristics of that particular Nakshatra, present on that day.
The inauspicious Nakshatras which are also the last five constellations or Nakshatras are known as Panchak. One is advised to avoid performing all the auspicious events during these five Panchak Nakshatras.
Star constellations names
The 27 regular +1= 28 constellations names are as follows:
Ashwini, Bharani, Kritika, Rohini, Mrigashira, Ardra, Punarvasu, Pushya, Ashlesha, Magha, Poorva Phalguni, Uttara Phalguni, Hasta, Chitra, Swati, Vishakha, Anuradha, Jyeshta, Moola, Poorvashadha, Uttarashadha, Shravana, Dhanishta, Shatabhisha, Poorva Bhadrapada, Uttara Bhadrapada, Revati.
Twenty-eighth Nakshatra Abhijit, not a regular Nakshatra in astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More, is an auspicious Nakshatra for all events/ ceremonies.
It lies in Capricorn from 6.40′ to 10.53′.20 (the last quarter of Uttarashada to 1/15th part of Shravan) Nakshatra.
The Hindu festivals are based on Nakshatras (constellations), Tithi, and Muhurathas or Muhurtas (right time to start).
With the help of all these, astrologers advise the auspicious time to start a new business, marriage, naming a newborn child (Namakaran Sanskar), journey, purchase property, or construct a new house.
Daily Yoga or Dainik Yoga is 27 in number. Sun and moon’s longitudes are added and then this sum is divided into 27 parts, each measuring 13°27’.
The starting or first yoga is Viskumbha and the last one is Vaidhriti. Yogas yield good or bad results according to their nature.
A tithi has two Karana, or a Karana is half of a tithi (6 degrees difference between sun and moon).
Karana is 11 in number.
Out of these 11, 4 Karana which are fixed and always occur once in a lunar month, their names are as follows:
1. Kinstughna, 2. Chaturpada, 3. Sakuni, 4. Naga
The remaining 7 Karana is not fixed, but they occur turn by turn, in a fixed order.
These seven Karana are as follows:
1. Bava, 2. Balav, 3. Kaulav, 4. Taitula, 5. Garaja, 6. Vanija, 7. Vishti or Bhadra.
Vishti or Bhadra is most inauspicious and is avoided for all important works.
Two main parts of Panchang or Panchangam in astrology
Panchang for daily astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More or Today Panchang
For the specific day, ‘Panchang for daily astrology’ is available in Today’s Panchang or Daily Panchang. Today Panchang or Panchangam helps people with their day-to-day needs.
It helps in preparing birth charts and predicting through it for marriage, naming a newborn baby (Namkaran Sanskar), starting the journey for an important event, and constructing a new house.
Calendar or Panchang predicts the occurrence of an eclipse and dates for the Hindu festivals during the Hindu calendar months.
We can easily know how to perform important rituals and other significant matters, which we can decide by using the daily astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More Panchangam or Hindi date today calendar.
Panchang for business astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More
For the commercial purpose, the following five elements are considered
1. Vaar (day) 2. Tithi (date) 3. Nakshatra (constellationA group of visible stars making a figure and visible at the night sky. Constellations (Nakshatras) are 27 divisions of zodiac, each measuring 13.20'. They are also termed as Lunar mansions (Nakshatra in Indian Vedic astrology) More) 4. Maasa (month) and 5. Rashi (moon sign).
An Auspicious Muhurat or Mahurat is also considered for starting a new business.
What is a Muhurat or Muhurta?
Muhurat or an auspicious moment is the right moment that is usually elected to perform an important event or a ceremony without any hurdle.
The word Abhijit means victorious and muhurta means the right moment to start any important work, event, or ceremony. Anything done during this period makes sure that one will be successful.
Muhurta Abhijit is a selected moment, one of the most simple methods to select an auspicious time for performing any important event or ceremony without any calculation of Var, Tithi, or Nakshatra.
Abhijit muhurta of a place begins 24 minutes before and 24 minutes after 12 noon, i.e. L.M.T of that particular place.
People in Punjab perform most of the marriage ceremonies, preferably during this Abhijit muhurta.
One should avoid traveling in the south direction in Abhijit muhurta.
See the article Shubh Muhurat for marriage in Vedic astrologyThe study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans More.
View this month’s Panchang here!