Panchang is always location specific gives important and accurate information of various significant auspicious and inauspicious Muhurata, Var,Tithi, Karan,daily Yog and Nakshatra. Dates for festivals, Vrat or Upvas, rainfalls, dry spells, ups and downs in the market are available in the Hindu calendar or Panchangam.
Panchang or Hindu calendar depends upon celestial happenings, may be considered the ancient Indian version of The book refers to the list of zodiacal position of signs, planets and other astronomical data of daily astrology, over a long period used to prepare birth chart and other predictions, the plural of ephemeris is Ephemerides, which is used by Indian astrologers for carrying out calculations in Vedic The study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans.
Movement of planets in the sky in real time and position of planets, whether in combustion or When a planet is considered moving backwards in astrology A retrograde planet has less energy or strength, constellations (Nakshatra), daily movement or the position of Moon as well as the Angles represent cardinal qualities (90°,180°,270°), major points in an astrological chart relationship between Sun and Moon can easily be known from Panchang or Panchanga.
People obtain important information of sunrise, sunset, Rahukal or Rahukalam or Period of Rahu is different for each day and it should be avoided for any auspicious work or event, Lagna pravesh (starting of ascendants) exact wedding time or marriage Muhurat, Masik rashifal (monthly prediction)exact time for occurrence of eclipses, rituals to be performed, list of Indian government holidays through the Panchanga or Indian calendar.
Panchang or Panchangam is known as Panjika in eastern region of India, including West Bengal,Orissa and Assam, it is called Panchangam in southern India.
It is available in many Indian languages in tabular form and the calculations are obtained in hours, minutes and seconds, i.e.Indian standard time, as well as Ghati or Ghatika, Pal and Vipal, i.e.L.M.T means actual time of a given location, based upon sun’s position at noon..
Indian Vedic unit of time
2 1/2 Ghati=1 hour, 2 1/2 Pal=1 minute, 2 1/2 Vipal=1 second
Ghatika or Ghati is also known as Nizhika (in South India) and Danda in West Bengal.
Five elements of Panchang
Panch meaning five and anga meaning limbs (parts), when added together, form Panchang or five elements. These five elements are as follows:
Vaar means days of the week or din, from Sunday to Saturday and the duration is from the sunrise to the next day’s sunrise.
Tithi means date or lunar day. Total Tithi are 30 in numbers, fifteen in Shukla Paksha and remaining fifteen in Krishna Pakha. The whole month is divided into two pakshas of fifteen days each.
i) Shukla Paksha or bright fortnight
When the moon is waxing, it is called Shukla Paksha or bright fortnight. The last day which is the brightest and has full moon, is called Puranmasi or Purnima or end of the month.
ii) Krishna Paksha or dark fortnight
When the moon is waning, the fortnight is called Krishna Paksha or dark fortnight. The last day, which is the darkest and has new moon is called Astrological term for new moon or Amavas.
Tithi (date)may start or end at any time of the day, as they depend upon the position of the sun and moon. Tithi will vary in duration, according to the degrees of sun and moon. Tithi are of five kinds and start with Pratipada or Padwa.They commence in the following order:
i) Nanda (happiness)-Pratipada, Shasthi and Ekadashi
ii) Jaya (victory)- Tuesday-Tritiya, Ashtami and Trayodashi
iii) Bhadra or Vishti (inauspicious for all events)- Dwitiya, Saptami and Dwadashi
iv) Rikta (loss or nashta)-Saturday – Chaturthi, Navami and Chaturdashi
v) Purna (complete-sampurna)- Thursday Panchami, Dashmi and Amavashya or Purnima
3) NAKSHATRA (constellations):
There are 27 Nakshatras or constellations. These constellations complete the A complete revolution of planet in the heaven of 360° of Heaven divided into 12 signs, of 30° each and is divided into 27 parts. Each A group of visible stars making a figure and visible at the night sky. Constellations (Nakshatras) are 27 divisions of zodiac, each measuring 13.20'. They are also termed as Lunar mansions (Nakshatra in Indian Vedic astrology) is 13°20’ and is divided into four padas (charanas). With the help of Nakshatras, the astrologers can predict the future of an individual and marriage compatibility between a boy and girl.
Nakshatras are also used for commercial predictions. A Nakshatra (constellation) helps in prediction and the destiny of the specific day is decided according to the characteristics of that particular Nakshatra, present on that day.
The Hindu festivals are based on Nakshatras (constellations) and Muhuratas (right time to start), with the help of these, astrologers advise the auspicious time to start a new business, marriage, naming a new born child (Namakaran Sanskar), journey, purchasing of property or constructing a new house.
4) DAILY YOGAS :
Daily Yoga or Dainik Yoga are 27 in numbers. Sun and moon’s longitudes are added and then this sum is divided into 27 parts, each measuring 13°27’. The starting or first yoga is Vishkumbh and the last one is Vadhriti. Yogas yield good or bad results according to their nature.
A tithi has two karanas, or a Karana is half of a tithi (6 degrees difference between sun and moon).
Karana are 11 in number.
Out of these 11, 4 Karana which are fixed and always occur once in a lunar month, their names are as follows:
1. Kinstughna, 2.Chaturpada, 3.Sakuni, 4.Naga
The remaining 7 Karana are not fixed, but they occur turn by turn, in a fixed order. Names of these seven Karana are as follows:
1.Bava, 2.Balav, 3.Kaulav, 4.Taililya, 5.Gara, 6.Vanij, 7.Visti or Bhadra.
Vishti or bhadra is most inauspicious and is avoided for all important works.
Two parts of Panchang or Panchangam in astrology
a) Panchang for daily astrology:
Panchang helps people in their day to day needs, helps in preparing birth carts and predicting through it for marriage, naming a new born baby(Namkaran Sanskar),starting the journey for an important event and constructing a new house.
Calendar or Panchang predicts the occurrence of eclipse, dates for Hindu festivals. We can easily know how to perform important rituals and other significant matters, which we can decide by using the daily astrology Panchang.
b) Panchang for business astrology:
For commercial purpose the following five elements are considered.
1. Vaar (day) 2. Tithi (date) 3. Nakshatra (constellation) 4. Maasa (month) and 5. Rashi (moon sign).
Muhurata is also considered for starting a new business.
What is a Muhurat?
Muhurat or an auspicious moment is the right moment which is usually elected to perform an important event or a ceremony without any hurdle.
Abhijit means victorious and muhurta means right moment to start any important work, event or ceremony. Anything done during this period makes sure that one will be successful.
Abhijit muhurta is a selected moment, one of the most simple method to select an auspicious time for performing any important event or ceremony without any calculation of Var, Tithi or Nakshatra.
Abhijit muhurta of a place begins 24 minutes before and 24 minutes after 12 noon, i.e. L.M.T of that particular place.
People in Punjab perform most of the marriage ceremonies, preferably during this Abhijit muhurta.
Travelling towards south direction should be avoided in Abhijit muhurta.
See the article Shubh Muhurat for marriage in Vedic astrology.
View this month’s panchang here !