Solar and Lunar Eclipses 2018
There will be five eclipses in total, three partial Solar eclipses and two total Lunar eclipses in the year 2018.
Solar Eclipse 2018
A solar eclipse occurs when the Moon’s position is between Earth and the Sun,as a result, portion of sun is covered by moon’s shadow totally or partially. There will be three partial Solar eclipses, visible from different parts of the world, this year. None of the three partial solar eclipses would be visible from India.Solar eclipse should not be seen directly as the rays affect your eyes.
Solar Eclipse and the dates in 2018(inauspicious period) are as follows:
The first Solar Eclipse in 2018:
The first Partial Solar eclipse will occur on February 15, 2018.
The second eclipse of the year,one of the three Partial Solar Eclipses,is the first Solar Eclipse of year 2018, will occur at 27 degrees of Aquarius Heaven divided into 12 signs, of 30° each sign,at 4:05 PM,EST on Thursday,February 15,2018. As this is a supercharged new moon, due to its affects,there will be challenges or big surprises to the most people of some countries or the whole world,born in the sign Aquarius or in other signs.
A new moon supercharged by solar eclipse always occurs about two weeks before or after a lunar eclipse.That means two eclipses in a Lunar fortnight(Paksha).
This eclipse will be visible in Southern parts of South America, Antarctica, many locations in Argentina, Chile, Paraguay, Uruguay and in some areas of the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This partial solar eclipses would not be visible from India.
Solar eclipse Event’s UTC Time
First location to see the partial eclipse begins on 15 February, at 18:55:51
Maximum Eclipse will be on 15 Feb, at 20:52:53
Last location to see the partial eclipse end on 15 Feb, at 22:47:08
The second Solar Eclipse in 2018: The second Partial Solar eclipse (Surya Grahan) will occur on July 13, 2018. This will be visible in Indian ocean, Pacific and Australia.
The third Solar Eclipse in 2018: The third Partial Solar Eclipse 2018 will occur on August 11, 2018. This partial eclipse will be visible in Indian ocean, most of Asia, most of Europe, Africa, Australia, North America, South America, Pacific, Atlantic, Antarctica. Snan- daan(holy dip in river and donation) should be done for remedial measures.
Lunar Eclipse 2018
There will be two Total Lunar eclipses in 2018.
The first Lunar Eclipse in 2018: The first Lunar eclipse of the year 2018 that occurs after 1982 in Asia, is a rare Supermoon, Blue Moon, Blood Moon and Total Lunar Eclipse (Purna or Khagras Chandra Grahan) visible in most countries of the world. This Total Lunar eclipse also known as Blood Moon will occur on 31st January, 2018 on Magh Purnima, in Pushya and Ashlesha Nakshatra in the sign Cancer. This will be visible in Asia, the Indian Ocean, the Pacific, Canada, most parts of United States during pre-dawn hours, North-eastern region of Europe, Russia, Australia, North-East Africa, Arctic, Antarctica. Total Lunar Eclipse will begin on 31st January 2018, with the moonrise in much of Asia, end at 9:38 PM.
First Lunar Eclipse, time and dates in 2018 (inauspicious period) are as follows:
Partial Lunar Eclipse begins with the Moonrise at 05:18:35 PM(IST) on January 31, 2018
Partial Lunar Eclipse ends at 08:41:10 PM(IST)
Duration of Lunar Eclipse is 2 Hours 28 Minutes 35 Seconds
The first Contact with the Penumbra is at 04:21:15 PM
The first Contact with the Umbra is at 05:18:27 PM
Total Phase begins at 06:21:47PM(IST)
Total Phase ends at 07:37:51PM(IST)
Duration of Total Eclipse is 1 hour 16 minutes 04 seconds
Last Contact with the Umbra at 08:41:10 PM
Last Contact with the Penumbra is at 09:38:26 PM
Duration of Partial Eclipse is 3 hours 22 minutes 43 seconds
Duration of Penumbral Eclipse is 5 hours 17 minutes 11 seconds
Magnitude of Lunar Eclipse is 1.32
Magnitude of Penumbral Lunar Eclipse is 2.29
Chandra Grahan Sutak begins at 07:03:35 AM and ends at 08:41:10 PM
Chandra Grahan Sutak for children, old and sick persons begins at 12:40:27 PM.
The Lunar Eclipse will begin with the moonrise in Indian cities.The time of moonrise in some cities of India (Indian standard time) is as follows:
Delhi 05:52 PM
Chennai 06:03 PM
Mumbai 06:26 PM
Pune 06:23 PM
Ahmedabad 06:26 PM
Significance of the first Total Lunar Eclipse, 2018
On this 31st January, the first lunar eclipse of the year occurs as one of the rare and unique celestial events, because this is a Total lunar eclipse, a Blue Moon, a Supermoon and also a Blood Moon. This Total lunar eclipse is a Blood moon, which will occur during the Super Moon, Blue Moon at 8:30 AM, Eastern time and 5:30 PM, Pacific time on Wednesday, January 1,2018.
It is believed that if the Lunar eclipse(Chandra Grahan) is visible from a place, then only it should be considered significant for performing the rituals by Hindus. The Total Lunar Eclipse would be visible from Asia, most of Europe(not in UK), Australia, North-East Africa, North-West South America, North America, Atlantic,the Indian Ocean, the Pacific, Arctic and Antarctica.
Super Blue Blood Moon and Total Lunar Eclipse 2018
What is a Lunar eclipse, a Total Lunar Eclipse, a Supermoon, a Blue Moon and a Blood moon?
A lunar eclipse occurs when the sun, the moon and the earth are positioned in a straight line, the earth is positioned in the middle,the earth’s umbral shadow falls on the moon, blocking sunlight. A Lunar eclipse only occurs on a full moon night.
A Total lunar eclipse occurs when the earth’s full umbral shadow falls on the moon, completely blocking the sunlight, known as Total Lunar Eclipse.This special Total Lunar Eclipse, significant for Hindus would be visible from India, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Singapore and most countries of Asia continent.
All the three phenomena, Super Moon, Blue Moon and the Blood Moon during the Total Lunar Eclipse will be visible together by naked eye. The longest duration of totality will be 1 hour, 16 minutes and 4 seconds. As the Total Lunar eclipse (Chandra Grahan) will be visible from many places, this celestial event has been considered significant for performing rituals, religious activities and remedial measures at these places, according to Vedic The study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans.
A super moon is a full moon or a new moon that coincides with the closest distance and reaches to Earth in its point of the orbit(perigee) closest to the earth, resulting in a larger size of the moon than the average Full Moon(Purnima) visible from the earth(14 percent bigger and brighter), technically named as the ‘Perigee Syzygy’ in Astronomy.It is believed that occurance of a Super Moon, being a unique event affects the life of individuals and the worldly affairs.
A Blood Moon occurs due to the refraction of earth on the moon,the moon looks reddish, it is known as Blood Moon.
A Blue Moon happens when two full moons happen in the same calendar month. The first full moon of January occurred on New Year’s Day on January 1, 2018, the second full moon will occur on the night of January 31,2018, the lunar eclipse will occur on the same night.
This rare eclipse has not happened for more than 150 years in United States of America, can be best seen from west coast of the U.S., Hawaii islands, western Canada, duration of total eclipse will be for a 1 hour and 16 minutes,end at 6:05 AM. This Blue Moon (Total Solar eclipse) will be visible from all of North America. First contact with Umbra begins at 3:48 AM Pacific Time. Total phase begins at 4:51 AM Pacific Time.
For most of Australia the maximum lunar eclipse will be visible before midnight on 31st January, 2018 for those in the locality following AEST,ACST, AWST.
However, it will not be a Blue Moon in some places. The Full Moon will occur on the morning of February 1, 2018 in some of the eastern regions of the world(Australia and New Zealand). It will be visible after midnight,i.e.on February 1,2018 for the places those follow AEDT(Australia)and NZDT(New Zealand).
This lunar eclipse will occur on Wednesday January 31/February 1, 2018, in Nakshatra Pushya/ Ashlesha,the sign Cancer.
However, it will not be a Blue Moon in some places. The Full Moon will occur on the morning of February 1, 2018 in some of the eastern regions of the world(Australia and New Zealand).
The second Lunar Eclipse in 2018:The second Lunar Eclipse is also a Total Lunar Eclipse will be on July 27/28, 2018. This will be visible in North-west Asia, Northeastern Europe, North America, Atlantic.
Snan-daan or charity to the needy persons will be helpful in getting rid of most of the problems coming in one’s life due to the sins(bad karma) an individual might have done in his/her previous birth.
Do’s and don’ts during the Sutak period, Solar eclipse or Lunar eclipse
Do not see the solar eclipse directly as it will affect your eyes.
This period is considered very significant for Mantra Siddhi and fulfilling an individual’s long awaited desires through Snan-daan and Mantra Siddhi. One is recommended to avoid all the auspicious events during the period of Surya Grahan(Solar eclipse) or Chandra Grahan (Lunar eclipse). Take bath or dip in the holy river after the Eclipse ends. Perform rituals by donating clothes, beddings or food to Priest, needy persons, cow after taking bath.
Sutak is believed to be applicable only to the places where eclipse is visible in any form.
Activities to be avoided during the Sutak period are as follows:
Sutak starts 12 hours before the eclipse. Following activities should be avoided.
New business should not be started.
To avoid the effects of eclipse, people should take bath after Sutak. Charity or Daan to poor or needy persons after the bath may help in removing the bad effects of the eclipse.
Any auspicious work should not be performed during Sutak period or eclipse.
People, especially pregnant women should not come out in the open under the rays of the eclipse, they should not cut anything or eat during the eclipse (It is not applicable to the children or sick persons)
Eat only the fresh or covered food after the eclipse.
The idols of God in the temple or the house should not be worshiped.
Chant Mantras to get rid of the bad effects of the eclipse.