Chaitra Navratri, Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi one of the three and a half significant periods or Sade Teen Muhurat to start an event or a venture. People keep Navdurga Vrat, perform Puja, Havan or Homam to please nine forms of Ma Durga.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri is one of the major spring festivals in India. Chaitra Navratri is also known as Yugadi, Samvatsar Padavo, Cheti Chand or Navareh.
There are two popular Navratri in a year-Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri and two Gupt Navratri, out of all the four Navratri.
These popular Navratri are Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri/ Sharadiya Navratri.
Chaitra Navratri 2022
Vasant Navratri or Chaitra Navratri begins on Pratipada, Saturday, April 02 and ends on Navami, Sunday, April 10. Navratri Paran day is on Monday, April 11, 2022.
There are two Gupt Navratri (secret Navratri), Magh Gupt Navratri and Ashadha Gupt Navratri.
Magh Gupt Navratri 2022
People observe two Gupt Navratri for performing Puja, Mantra Siddhi, and chanting Mantra secretly to please Goddess.
The first Gupt Navratri is Magh Gupt Navratri commences in the Magh Maas. Magh Gupt Navratri begins on Magh Shukla Paksha Pratipada.
This Navratri begins on Wednesday, February 02, 2022 and ends on Friday, February 11, 2022.
Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2022
The other Gupt Navratri is observed in Ashadha Maas. Ashadha Gupt Navratri starts on June 30, Thursday, Ashadha Shukla Paksha Pratipada (Purnima). This Gupt Navratri ends on July 08, Friday.
Chaitra Navratri/ Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri 2022
Vikram Samvat 2079 (Lunar Hindu New year) or Marathi Vikram Samvat 2079, Ananda begins on Chaitra Pratipada (Padawa) on Saturday, April 02, 2022.
Chaitra Navratri begins on the first day of waxing moon or Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the lunar month of Chaitra. This ends after Ram Navami Havan, which is on Sunday, 10th April, 2022 on Ram birth anniversary. (The last day of Navratri Puja is called Navratri Paran, after nine day’s fast on Monday, 11th April 2022.)
Arival of Maa Durga, 2nd April 2022
Generally Maa Durga’s vehicle is lion. It is believed, it keeps changing when Maa comes on earth.
Maa Durga arrives on Saturday, on April 02. This means she is coming on a horse.
Results of arrival on horse:
The arrival on horse is not considered auspicious. There will be unrest instability in society, upheaval in power, war or war like situation among countries.
Departure of Maa Durga, on 10th April 2022
Maa Durga departs on Sunday, this means Maa is going back on a buffalo.
Results of departure on buffalo:
This departure is also considered inauspicious. There will be sorrow, through increased health problems, outbreak of an epidemic or natural disasters.
We can get Maa’s blessings by performing Puja,Vrat and other rituals. The ill effects and inauspiciousness will be minimised.
Ram Navami falls on the ninth-day during Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri festival. Ram Navami Puja Muhurat (Lord Rama’s birthday) is in Abhijit Muhurat on Sunday, April 10, 2022.
Chaitra Navratri festival in different states of India
People celebrate Chaitra Shukla Paksha Padwa as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Navreh in Kashmir,which is Hindu New year, Sajibu Nongma Panba, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of South India.
It is observed as Jhulelal Jayanti or Cheti Chand by Sindhi people on the second day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha, or Navreh, as Sajibu Nongma Panba, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India.
The Hindu Nav Varsha or New Year, based on Solar calendar is known as Vaisakhi in Punjab, which is to be observed on 14th April, 2022. Pana Sankranti in Orissa and pohela Boishakh (Naba Barsha) in West Bengal (on 15th April), Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam and other north-Eastern states.Though the dates for these festivals are different.
Himachal Day and Good Friday will be celebrated on April 15, 2022.
The pleasant season due to the Sun’s influence on earth with the end of spring and the beginning of autumn is considered significant and auspicious for the devotion of Lord Rama and Goddess Durga (Goddess of Shakti).
People observe fast, worship, do prescribe rituals for eight or nine days after performing Ghatasthapana.
Worship or Puja of Lord Ganesha is performed first.
During auspicious occasion of Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri and Sharad Navratri, nine forms of Goddess Maa Durga are worshiped.
The method of Ghatasthapana and Puja of Goddess Durga is the same as the Kalash Sthapana and Puja performed in Ashwin Sharadiya Navratri or Mahnavratri.
Read Kalashasthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri for more information.
The method of Kalashasthapana/ Vasant Navratri/ Basant Navratri
The method of Kalashasthapana, step by step and the list of items required for Puja are available in the article ‘Kalashasthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri’ on this site Astroask.com.
On Chaitra Navami, the last day of Navratri, Maa Siddhidatri (all the nine forms of Maa Durga) is worshiped by chanting Mantra ”Om Siddhidatri Durgayai Namah!!”.
Havan is performed with barley and black sesame seeds (Jau and Til). Nine or eleven children (seven or nine girls and at least two boys) are invited for feast or Kanya Bhoj at devotee’s house.
They are given money and clothes as a donation. Kalash and Nariyal (coconut)are removed from the place of Kalasha Sthapana, the holy water of Kalash is sprinkled on Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padavo 2022/ Vikram Samvat 2079 in all the parts of the house for Maa Durga’s blessings.
This Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami is also celebrated by Hindus as the birthday of Lord Rama, known as Ram Navami festival.
Generally, Puja and Havan are performed after 12:00 PM till 1:00 PM, by reciting Bal Kanda from Ramayana in most of the cities of North-India and different parts of the world.
Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padvo 2022/ Vikram Samvat 2079
Gudi Padwa is one of the auspicious Sade Teen Mahurat falls under the significant Sadhe Teen Muhurat Akshaya Tritiya, Gudi Padwa, Vijaya Dashami and half of Bali Pratipada.
According to Hindu calendar, Marathi New year or Vikram Samvat 2079 begins on Saturday, April 02, 2022. Gudi means flag or Dhwaj, Padwa means Pratipada(Prathama) or the new Moon day.
Gudi Padwa is observed by Maharashtrians and Konkanis as the first day of the year, based on Luni-solar calendar or Surya Siddhanta.
This considers the position of the Moon and the position of the Sun dividing the year into months and days. That is why Hindu New Year is celebrated twice in the year with different names and at two different times of the year.On this day new Samvatsar begins, these Samvatsar are identified by a unique name.
Gudi Padwa begins with ritual oil-bath followed by prayers. Oil bath and eating Neem leaves are the most important rituals suggested by scriptures. North Indians also eat Neem with Mishri on the first day of Navratri.
The Gudi Padwa celebrations were started by the great warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji after his victory, it symbolises victory or ‘Vijay Dhwaj’.
Ghatasthapna Muhurat 2022 for Chaitra Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra, Ugadi is the same, observed according to the local sunrise of that place. It should be done before the Hindu midday during Tithi Pratipada.
Ghatasthapana- Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra
Kalashsthapana or Ghatasthapana on Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana, Gudi Padwa is observed on Chaitra Pratipada Tithi which begins on April 02, 2022 this year.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri Ghatasthapana/ Kalashasthapna Mahurat 2022 auspicious time
The most preferred auspicious Muhurata for Ghatasthapana or Kalashsthapana is as follows:
Auspicious Ghatasthapana Muhurata for Navratri Puja, Gudi Padwa and Yugadi is from 06:22 AM to 08: 31AM (I.S.T.) after sunrise on 02-4-2022, during Brahma Muhurat and Meen Lagna (DvisvabhavaRashi).
Next auspicious Muhurat is Abhijit Muhurat, as Abhijit Muhurat is also considered auspicious for Kalashasthapana.
Last day of Chaitra Navratri 2022
Usually, the 9th and last day of Navratri is observed as Ram Navami.
The last and the 10th day is observed as the last day or Parana, which is on April 11, 2022 after Durga Navami or nine days Puja rituals or Vrat, known as Chaitra Navratri Parana Day. Thus the auspicious Chaitra Navratri is celebrated for nine days.
Nine days or Tithi for Navratri Puja 2022 based on Hindu- Calendar
The dates or Tithi and the days or Var for the worship of nine forms of Maa Durga Chaitra Navratri April 2022 according to Hindu calendar 2022 are as follows:
02 April, Saturday: Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada,1st day, Chandra Darshan, Ma Shailputri puja, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana (grass) or Kalashasthapana. Ghatasthapana Muhurta is observed during Meena Lagna (Dwisvabhava Rashi).
03 April, Sunday: Cheti Chand, Dwitiya, 2nd day, Ma Brahmacharini Puja, Singhara Dooj.
04 April, Monday: Tritiya, 3rd day, Ma Chandraghanta Puja, Gauri Puja, Saubhagya Teej, Gangaur.
05 April, Tuesday: Vinayaka Chaturthi/ Lakshmi Panchami, 4th day, Ma Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayaka Chauth.
06 April, Wednesday: Panchami/Shashti, 5th day, Ma Skandamata Puja, Naag Puja, Skanda Sashti.
07 April, Thursday: Sashti, 6th day, Ma Katyayani Puja, Yamuna Chhatha, Chaiti Chhatha.
08 April, Friday: Saptami, 7th day, Maha Saptami /Ashtami Vrat, Kalaratri Puja, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Kalratri Puja, Annapurna Ashtami.
09 April Saturday: Ashtami, 8th day, Shri Durga Ashtami, Sandhi Puja: Ashtami and Navami Havan, Maha Gauri Puja, Ma Siddhidatri Puja.
10 April, Sunday: Navratri: 9th day, Ram Navami/ Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami.
11 April, Monday: Chaitra Navratri Parana, Navratri Parana, Chaitra Navaratri ends.
Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga
Repeat this Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga for 108 times.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
‘ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुंडायै विच्चे’
Navratri Mantra for 9 forms of Goddess Durga
Each Mantra of Durga is repeated 108 times at each sitting during the period of Navratri, dedicated the day for Navratri and respective prayers are as follows:
1).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Śailaputrayai Namaḥ ॐ देवी शैलपुत्रयायै नमः
2). Mantra: Oṃ Devī Brahmachāriṇyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी ब्रह्म चारयै नम:
3).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Chandraghaṇṭāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी चंद्रघंटयायै नमः
4).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kūṣmāṇḍāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कूष्मान डायै नम:
5).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Skandamātāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी स्कंद मातायै नम:
6).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kātyāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कात्यायै नम:
7).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kālarātrayai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कालरात्रयै नम:
8).Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah ॐ देवी महागौरयायै नम:
9). Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्रायै नम: