Chaitra Navratri, Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi one of the three and a half significant periods or Sade Teen Muhurat to start an event or a venture. People keep Navdurga Vrat, perform Puja, Havan or Homam to please nine forms of Ma Durga.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri is one of the major spring festivals in India. Chaitra Navratri is also known as Yugadi, Samvatsar Padvo, Cheti Chand or Navreh.
There are two popular Navratri in a year-Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri and two Gupt Navratri, out of all the four Navratri. These popular Navratri are Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri/ Shardiya Navratri.
Chaitra Navratri 2021
Vasant Navratri or Chaitra Navratri begins on Pratipada, Tuesday, April 13 and ends on Navami, Wednesday, April 21. Navratri Paran day is on Thursday, April 22
Magh Gupt Navratri 2021
People observe two Gupt Navratri for performing Puja, Mantra Siddhi, and chanting Mantra secretly to please Goddess.
The first Gupt Navratri is Magh Gupt Navratri commences in the Magh Maas. Magh Gupt Navratri begins on Magh Shukla Paksha Pratipra.
This Navratri begins on Friday February 12, 2021 and ends on Sunday, February 21,2021.
Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2021
The other Gupt Navratri is observed in Ashadha Maas. Ashadha Gupt Navratri begins on Ashadha Shukla Paksha Pratipada(Purnima.A Ashadh Navratri begins on Sunday, July 11 and ends on Sunday, July 18.
Chaitra Navratri/ Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri 2021
Chaitra Navratri begins on Wednesday, 25th March and ends on Thursday on 2nd April 2021, on the first day of waxing moon or Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the lunar month of Chaitra.
This ends on Durga Navami, on Thursday, 2nd April, 2020 and Navratri Paran after nine day’s fast on Friday, 3rd April 2021
Ram Navami falls on the ninth-day during Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri festival. Ram Navami Puja Muhurat(Lord Rama’s birthday) is in Abhijit Muhurat on April 2, 2021.
Vikram Samvat 2077 (Lunar Hindu New year) or Marathi Vikram Samvat 2077 begins on Chaitra Padwa on March 25, 2021
People celebrate Chaitra Shukla Paksha Padwa as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, as Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of South India, as Sajibu Nongma Panba, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India.
The Hindu Nav Varsha or New Year, based on Solar calendar is known as Vaisakhi in Punjab, Pana Sankranti in Orissa and Naba Barsha in West Bengal, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam.
The pleasant season due to the Sun’s influence on earth with the end of Spring and the beginning of autumn is considered significant and auspicious for the devotion of Lord Rama and Goddess Durga (Goddess of Shakti).
People observe fast, worship, do prescribe rituals for eight or nine days after performing Ghatasthapana. Worship or Puja of Lord Ganesha is performed first.
During auspicious occasion of Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri and Sharad Navratri, nine forms of Goddess Maa Durga are worshiped.
The method of Ghatasthapana and Puja of Goddess Durga is the same as the Kalash Sthapana and Puja performed in Ashwin Shardiya Navratri or Mahnavratri.
Read Kalashsthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri for more information.
The method of Kalashasthapana/ Vasant Navratri/ Basant Navratri
The method of Kalashasthapana, step by step and the list of items required for Puja are available in the article ‘Kalashsthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri’ on this site Astroask.com.
On Chaitra Navami, the last day of Navratri, Maa Siddhidatri (all the nine forms of Maa Durga) is worshiped by chanting Mantra ”Om Siddhidatri Durgayai Namah!!”.
Havan is performed with barley and black sesame seeds (Jau and Til). Nine or eleven children (seven or nine girls and at least two boys) are invited for feast or Kanya Bhoj at devotee’s house.
They are given money and clothes as a donation. Kalash and Nariyal (coconut)are removed from the place of Kalasha Sthapana, the holy water of Kalash is sprinkled in all the parts of the house for Maa Durga’s blessings.
This Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami is also celebrated by Hindus as the birthday of Lord Rama, known as Ram Navami festival.
Generally, Puja and Havan are performed after 12:00 PM till 1:00 PM, by reciting Bal Kanda from Ramayana in most of the cities of North-India and different parts of the world.
Ghatasthapna Muhurat 2021 for Chaitra Navratri, Vasant Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra, Ugadi
Ghatasthapana Muhurat is on April 13 at 06:03 AM -7:16 AM.
Abhijit Muhurat 11:56 AM-12:47 AM
Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padvo 2021/ Vikram Samvat 2077
Gudi Padwa is one of the auspicious Sade Teen Mahurat falls under the significant Sadhe Teen Muhurat Akshaya Tritiya, Gudi Padwa, Vijaya Dashami and half of Bali Pratipada.
On March 25, 2020, Marathi New year or Vikram Samvat 2077 begins according to Hindu calendar. Gudi means flag or Dhwaj, Padwa means Pratipada or the new Moon day.
Gudi Padwa is observed by Maharashtrians and Konkanis as the first day of the year, based on Lunisolar calendar or Surya Siddhanta.
This considers the position of the Moon and the position of the Sun dividing the year into months and days. That is why Hindu New Year is celebrated twice in the year with different names and at two different times of the year.
On this day new Samvatsara, which is a A complete revolution of planet in the heaven More of sixty years, begins, these Samvatsara are identified by a unique name.
Gudi Padwa begins with ritual oil-bath followed by prayers. Oil bath and eating Neem leaves are the most important rituals suggested by scriptures. North Indians also eat Neem with Mishri on the first day of Navratri.
The Gudi Padwa celebrations were started by the great warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji after his victory symbolizes victory or ‘Vijay Dhwaj’.
Ghatasthapna Muhurat 2020 for Chaitra Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra, Ugadi is the same, observed according to the local sunrise of that place.
Ghatasthapana should be done before the Hindu midday during Tithi Pratipada.
Chaitra Navratri, Ghatasthapana,
Ugadi, Gudi Padwa
Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana, Gudi Padwa is observed on Chaitra Pratipada Tithi which begins on 25, March 2021, this year.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri Ghatasthapana/ Kalashasthapna Mahurat 2021 auspicious time
The most preferred auspicious Muhurata for Ghatasthapana or Kalashsthapana is as follows:
Auspicious Ghatasthapana Muhurata for Navratri Puja, Gudi Padwa and Yugadi is from 06:23 AM to 07: 14 AM (I.S.T.) after sunrise on 25-3-2020, during Brahma Muhurat and Meen Lagna (Dvisvabhava Rashi).
Next auspicious Muhurat is Abhijit Muhurat, as Abhijit Muhurat is also considered auspicious for Kalashasthapana.
Last day of Chaitra Navratri 2021
Usually, the 9th and last day of Navratri is observed as Ram Navami, falls on Sunday, April 02, 2020, this year. Durga Navami ends on Chaitra Navratri Parana, April 03, 2020, thus the auspicious Chaitra Navratri is celebrated for nine days.
Nine days or Tithi for Navratri Puja 2021 based on Hindu Calendar
The dates or Tithi and the days or var for the worship of nine forms of Maa Durga Chaitra Navratri March 2021 according to Hindu calendar 2020 are as follows:
25 March, Wednesday: Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada,1st day, Chandra Darshan, Ma Shailputri puja, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana (grass) or Kalashasthapana. Ghatasthapana Muhurta is obsereved during Meena Lagna (Dvisvabhava Rashi).
26 March Thursday: Cheti Chand, Dwitiya, 2nd day, Ma Brahmacharini Puja, Sindhara Dooj.
27 March Friday: Tritiya, 3rd day, Ma Chandraghanta Puja, Gauri Puja, Saubhagya Teej, Gangaur.
28 March Saturday: Vinayaka Chaturthi/ Lakshmi Panchami, 4th day, Ma Kushmanda Puja, Varad Vinayaka Chauth.
29 March Sunday: Panchami/Shashti, 5th day, Ma Skandamata Puja, Naag Puja, Skanda Sashti.
30 March Monday: Sashti, 6th day, Ma Katyayani Puja, Yamuna Chhatha, Chaiti Chhatha.
31 March Tuesday: Saptami, 7th day, Maha Saptami /Ashtami Vrat, Kalaratri Puja, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Kalratri Puja, Annapurna Ashtami.
1 April Wednesday; Ashtami, 8th day, Shri Durga Ashtami, Sandhi Puja: Ashtami and Navami Havan, Maha Gauri Puja, Ma Siddhidatri Puja.
2 April, Thursday: Navratri: 9th day, Ram Navami/ Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami.
3 April, Friday: Chaitra Navratri Parana, Navratri Parana, Chaitra Navaratri ends.
Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga
Repeat this Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga for 108 times.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
‘ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुंडायै विच्चे’
Navratri Mantra for 9 forms of Goddess Durga
Each Mantra of Durga is repeated 108 times at each sitting during the period of Navratri, dedicated the day for Navratri and respective prayers are as follows:
1).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Śailaputryai Namaḥ ॐ देवी शैलपुत्र्यै नमः 2).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Brahmacāriṇyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी ब्रह्मचारिण्यै नम: 3).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Candraghaṇṭāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी चन्द्रघण्टायै नम:
4).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kūṣmāṇḍāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कूष्माण्डायै नम:
5).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Skandamātāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी स्कन्दमातायै नम:
6).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kātyāyanyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कात्यायन्यै नम:
7).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kālarātryai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कालरात्र्यै नम:
8).Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah ॐ देवी महागौर्यै नम
9). Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah ॐ देवी सिद्धिदात्र्यै नम