Chaitra Navratri, Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi one of the three and a half significant periods or Sade Teen Muhurat to start an event or a venture. People keep Navdurga Vrat, perform Puja, Havan or Homam to please nine forms of Ma Durga.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri is one of the major spring festivals in India. Chaitra Navratri is also known as Yugadi, Samvatsar Padvo, Cheti Chand or Navreh.
There are two popular Navratri in a year-Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri and two Gupt Navratri, out of all the four Navratri.
These popular Navratri are Chaitra Navratri and Sharad Navratri/ Shardiya Navratri.
Chaitra Navratri 2021
Vasant Navratri or Chaitra Navratri begins on Pratipada, Tuesday, April 13 and ends on Navami, Wednesday, April 21. Navratri Paran day is on Thursday, April 22, 2021.
There are two Gupt Navratri (secret Navratri), Magh Gupt Navratri and Ashadha Gupt Navratri.
Magh Gupt Navratri 2021
People observe two Gupt Navratri for performing Puja, Mantra Siddhi, and chanting Mantra secretly to please Goddess.
The first Gupt Navratri is Magh Gupt Navratri commences in the Magh Maas. Magh Gupt Navratri begins on Magh Shukla Paksha Pratipra.
This Navratri begins on Friday February 12, 2021 and ends on Sunday, February 21, 2021.
Ashadha Gupt Navratri 2021
The other Gupt Navratri is observed in Ashadha Maas. Ashadha Gupt Navratri begins on Ashadha Shukla Paksha Pratipada (Purnima). Ashadh Navratri begins on Sunday, July 11 and ends on Sunday, July 18, 2021.
Chaitra Navratri/ Basant Navratri or Vasant Navratri 2021
Vikram Samvat 2078 (Lunar Hindu New year) or Marathi Vikram Samvat 2078, Ananda begins on Chaitra Pratipada (Padawa) on Tuesday, April 13, 2021.
Chaitra Navratri begins on the first day of waxing moon or Shukla Paksha Pratipada in the lunar month of Chaitra. This ends with Ram Navami, on 21st April, 2021 on Ram birth anniversary and Navratri Paran after nine day’s fast on day, Thursday, 22nd April 2021.
Ram Navami falls on the ninth-day during Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri festival. Ram Navami Puja Muhurat (Lord Rama’s birthday) is in Abhijit Muhurat on Wednesday, April 21, 2021.
Chaitra Navratri festival in different states of India
People celebrate Chaitra Shukla Paksha Padwa as Gudi Padwa in Maharashtra, Navreh in Kashmir,which is Hindu New year, Sajibu Nongma Panba, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India, Ugadi in Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of South India.
It is observed as Jhulelal Jayanti or Cheti Chand by Sindhi pople on the second day of Chaitra Shukla Paksha, or Navreh, as Sajibu Nongma Panba, Cheiraoba, Rongali Bihu in North-East India.
The Hindu Nav Varsha or New Year, based on Solar calendar is known as Vaisakhi in Punjab, Pana Sankranti in Orissa and Naba Barsha in West Bengal, Puthandu in Tamil Nadu, Bihu in Assam.
The pleasant season due to the Sun’s influence on earth with the end of spring and the beginning of autumn is considered significant and auspicious for the devotion of Lord Rama and Goddess Durga (Goddess of Shakti).
People observe fast, worship, do prescribe rituals for eight or nine days after performing Ghatasthapana.
Worship or Puja of Lord Ganesha is performed first.
During auspicious occasion of Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri and Sharad Navratri, nine forms of Goddess Maa Durga are worshiped.
The method of Ghatasthapana and Puja of Goddess Durga is the same as the Kalash Sthapana and Puja performed in Ashwin Shardiya Navratri or Mahnavratri.
Read Kalashsthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri for more information.
The method of Kalashasthapana/ Vasant Navratri/ Basant Navratri
The method of Kalashasthapana, step by step and the list of items required for Puja are available in the article ‘Kalashsthapana Or Ghatasthapana/ Navratri’ on this site Astroask.com.
On Chaitra Navami, the last day of Navratri, Maa Siddhidatri (all the nine forms of Maa Durga) is worshiped by chanting Mantra ”Om Siddhidatri Durgayai Namah!!”.
Havan is performed with barley and black sesame seeds (Jau and Til). Nine or eleven children (seven or nine girls and at least two boys) are invited for feast or Kanya Bhoj at devotee’s house.
They are given money and clothes as a donation. Kalash and Nariyal (coconut)are removed from the place of Kalasha Sthapana, the holy water of Kalash is sprinkleGudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padvo 2021/ Vikram Samvat 2078d in all the parts of the house for Maa Durga’s blessings.
This Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami is also celebrated by Hindus as the birthday of Lord Rama, known as Ram Navami festival.
Generally, Puja and Havan are performed after 12:00 PM till 1:00 PM, by reciting Bal Kanda from Ramayana in most of the cities of North-India and different parts of the world.
Gudi Padwa or Samvatsar Padvo 2021/ Vikram Samvat 2078
Gudi Padwa is one of the auspicious Sade Teen Mahurat falls under the significant Sadhe Teen Muhurat Akshaya Tritiya, Gudi Padwa, Vijaya Dashami and half of Bali Pratipada.
According to Hindu calendar, Marathi New year or Vikram Samvat 2078 begins on Wednesday, April 13, 2021. Gudi means flag or Dhwaj, Padwa means Pratipada(Prathama) or the new Moon day.
Gudi Padwa is observed by Maharashtrians and Konkanis as the first day of the year, based on Luni-solar calendar or Surya Siddhanta.
This considers the position of the Moon and the position of the Sun dividing the year into months and days. That is why Hindu New Year is celebrated twice in the year with different names and at two different times of the year.On this day new Samvatsara begins, these Samvatsara are identified by a unique name.
Gudi Padwa begins with ritual oil-bath followed by prayers. Oil bath and eating Neem leaves are the most important rituals suggested by scriptures. North Indians also eat Neem with Mishri on the first day of Navratri.
The Gudi Padwa celebrations were started by the great warrior, Chhatrapati Shivaji after his victory, it symbolizes victory or ‘Vijay Dhwaj’.
Ghatasthapna Muhurat 2021 for Chaitra Navratri, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra, Ugadi is the same, observed according to the local sunrise of that place. It should be done before the Hindu midday during Tithi Pratipada.
Ghatasthapana- Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Gudi Padwa, Cheti Chandra
Kalashsthapana or Ghatasthapana on Chaitra Navratri, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana, Gudi Padwa is observed on Chaitra Pratipada Tithi which begins on April 13, 2021, this year.
Chaitra Navratri or Vasant Navratri Ghatasthapana/ Kalashasthapna Mahurat 2021 auspicious time
The most preferred auspicious Muhurata for Ghatasthapana or Kalashsthapana is as follows:
Auspicious Ghatasthapana Muhurata for Navratri Puja, Gudi Padwa and Yugadi is from 06:03 AM to 07: 1 6 AM (I.S.T.) after sunrise on 13-4-2021, during Brahma Muhurat and Meen Lagna (DvisvabhavaRashi).
Next auspicious Muhurat is Abhijit Muhurat, as Abhijit Muhurat is also considered auspicious for Kalashasthapana.
Last day of Chaitra Navratri 2021
Usually, the 9th and last day of Navratri is observed as Ram Navami. It falls on Wednesday, April 21, 2021, this year. Durga Navami ends after nine days Puja or Vrat on Chaitra Navratri Parana, April 22, 2021, thus the auspicious Chaitra Navratri is celebrated for nine days.
Nine days or Tithi for Navratri Puja 2021 based on Hindu- Calendar
The dates or Tithi and the days or Var for the worship of nine forms of Maa Durga Chaitra Navratri April 2021 according to Hindu calendar 2021 are as follows:
13 April, Tuesday: Chaitra Shukla Paksha Pratipada,1st day, Chandra Darshan, Ma Shailputri puja, Gudi Padwa, Ugadi, Ghatasthapana (grass) or Kalashasthapana. Ghatasthapana Muhurta is obsereved during Meena Lagna (Dvisvabhava Rashi).
14 April, Wednesday: Cheti Chand, Dwitiya, 2nd day, Ma Brahmacharini Puja, Sindhara Dooj.
15 April, Thursday: Tritiya, 3rd day, Ma Chandraghanta Puja, Gauri Puja, Saubhagya Teej, Gangaur.
16 April, Friday: Vinayaka Chaturthi/ Lakshmi Panchami, 4th day, Ma Kushmanda Puja, VaradVinayaka Chauth.
17 April, Saturday: Panchami/Shashti, 5th day, Ma Skandamata Puja, Naag Puja, Skanda Sashti.
18 April, Sunday: Sashti, 6th day, Ma Katyayani Puja, Yamuna Chhatha, Chaiti Chhatha.
19 April, Monday: Saptami, 7th day, Maha Saptami /Ashtami Vrat, Kalaratri Puja, Durga Ashtami, Mahagauri Puja, Kalratri Puja, Annapurna Ashtami.
20 April Tuesday: Ashtami, 8th day, Shri Durga Ashtami, Sandhi Puja: Ashtami and Navami Havan, Maha Gauri Puja, Ma Siddhidatri Puja.
21 April, Wednesday: Navratri: 9th day, Ram Navami/ Chaitra Shukla Paksha Navami.
22 April, Thursday: Chaitra Navratri Parana, Navratri Parana, Chaitra Navaratri ends.
Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga
Repeat this Navarna Mantra of Goddess Durga for 108 times.
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
‘ऐं ह्रीं क्लीं चामुंडायै विच्चे’
Navratri Mantra for 9 forms of Goddess Durga
Each Mantra of Durga is repeated 108 times at each sitting during the period of Navratri, dedicated the day for Navratri and respective prayers are as follows:
1).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Śailaputryai Namaḥ ॐ देवी शलै पुयैनमः
2). Mantra: Oṃ Devī Brahmacāriṇyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी मचारयैनम:
3).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Candraghaṇṭāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी चघटायैनम:
4).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kūṣmāṇḍāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कूमाडायैनम:
5).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Skandamātāyai Namaḥ ॐ देवीकदमातायैनम:
6).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kātyāyanyai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कायाययैनम:
7).Mantra: Oṃ Devī Kālarātryai Namaḥ ॐ देवी कालरायैनम:
8).Mantra: Om Devi Mahagauryai Namah ॐ देवी महागौयनम:
9). Mantra: Om Devi Siddhidatryai Namah ॐ देवीसधदायैनम: