Kharmas or Khar-maas a kind of Malmas, is an inauspicious period, one should avoid all auspicious events during Kharmaas. It occurs twice in a year for one month, during Dhanu Surya Sankranti and Meen Surya Sankranti.
What are Dhanu Kharmaas and Meen Kharmaas?
These two months are ruled by Jupiter, from mid-December to Mid-January is known as Dhanu Kharmas and from mid- March to mid- April is known as Meen Kharmas.
Kharmas is also known as Malmas, is different from Adhika Maas. It occurs twice in a year, during the months of the Movement of planets in the sky in real time of Sun in Heaven divided into 12 signs, of 30° each signs Dhanu (Sagittarius) and Meena (Pisces).
Both the signs Sagittarius and Pisces are governed by the planet Jupiter(Guru). The sun’s transit through either of these zodiac signs for the one month’s period is considered inauspicious month or Kharmas.
Khar means bad and maas means month. Hence Khar-maas means inauspicious month.
Date for Malmas/ Kharmaas 2019 (inauspicious period)
Date for Meen Kharmaas 2019 is as follows:
Meen Kharmas begins on Meen Surya Sankranti from 14th March, 2019. The inauspicious Meen Kharmas/ Malmas ends on Mesh Surya Sankranti, on 14th April, 2019 according to Hindu calendar.
Date for Meen Kharmaas 2020 is as follows:
Meen Kharmas begins on Meen Surya Sankranti from March 15, 2020 ends on April 14, 2020.
Date for Dhanu Kharmaas 2019-2020 is as follows:
Dhanu Kharmas begins on Dhanu Surya Sankranti on December December 16, 2019. It will end on Makar Surya Sankranti, January 14, 2020 .
All auspicious ceremonies will start again from 15th January, 2019 after the end of Dhanu Kharmas. The sun will leave Jupiter;s sign.
Date for Dhanu Kharmaas, December 2020 is as follows:
Dhanu Kharmas begins on Tuesday, December 15, 2020.
Avoid Auspicious events/ ceremonies during Dhanu Kharmas or inauspicious Pausha Maas
The auspicious events or ceremonies, one has to avoid during Kharmas are as follows:
People should avoid performing most of the important auspicious ceremonies during Kharmas/ Malmas (Hindu calendar) or Pausha Maas (based on Hindu Lunar calendar).
According to Hindu Lunar calendar, inauspicious Pausha Maas begins with either Purnima (Full Moon) or Pratipada (New Moon) in the month of December, ends in January before the festival Makar Sankranti.
However the beginning and the end date of Pausha Maas or Paush Maas which comes during Dhanurmaas or Dhanu Surya transit, is based on the Hindu Lunar calendar, varies every year.
Lunar Pausha Maas begins on Friday, 13th December, 2019, ends on 10th January 2020.
This period is significant for the worshipping of Sun God. Shraddha can be performed during this month.
Some of the events or ceremonies to be avoided, are as follows:
Engagement, marriage, Namkaran Sanskar, Mundan, Grah Pravesh (a house-warming ceremony),laying foundation stone for an office, purchasing a new vehicle, new house or property.
One should avoid inauguration of a new office or investment in a new business. Even starting journey or travelling for the important work is not recommended.
People can perform all important events or ceremonies after the end of one month’s inauspicious period during Kharmas.
Adhika Maas literally means extra month, is different from Malmas or Kharmaas, it does not come every year. It will be from 18th September to 16th October, 2020.