Diwali or Deepavali, the festival of lights or Deepotsav, a blast of colors, comes two days after Dhanteras, extends for five days period. Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, visits devotees homes, lighted with Diyas, on the dark night, blesses with peace, wealth, fertility and all round prosperity.
People invite and worship Goddess Lakshmi to visit their homes on Kartik Amavasya, night of Diwali. That is why they keep burning lights and Diyas all through the night of Diwali.
Auspicious five days for Diwali or Deepavali
Five day Diwali Puja consists of Dhanteras, Narak Chaturdashi, Diwali, Govardhan Puja or Annakut, Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya.
Mahurat for Lakshmi Kuber Puja/ Dhanteras Puja 2018
Dhanteras, also known as Dhanatrayodashi is considered very auspicious and prosperous festival for starting a new business. People purchase gold and silver coins or jewellery and kitchen items on Dhanteras.
The first day of five day long Diwali festival is celebrated as Dhanteras or Lakshmi Kuber Puja for prosperity and wealth, which generally comes just two days before Diwali, will be celebrated on Monday, November 5, 2018.
You should worship idol of Kuber, Kuber Yantra and also the place where you keep the money,with the auspicious sign Swastika made with Sindur and Ghee in the north direction.People worship Dhanwantari, the god of medicines or treatment on Dhanteras.
The list of things you need for Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber Puja are as follows:
Kuber Yantra, or idol of Kuber and Lakshmi, Sindur and Ghee for Swastik, Sandal, Akshat, flowers, Dhoop, Deepak (Diya) with four cotton wicks, filled with mustard oil and a vessel filled with Jal (water). People worship Dhanwantari, the god of medicines or treatment.
Following Mantra should be chanted for worshiping Kuber and Dhanwantari:
1) Om Shri Kuberaya Namah !
Aem Pujanam Shri Dhana adhyaksha-Shri Kuber Priyatam !
Namo Namah !
2) Om Dhan Dhanwantari Namaha !
Kali Chaudas/Narak Chaturdashi/Roop Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali
The second day is celebrated on Tuesday, November 6, 2018 as Kali Chaudas or Narak Chaturdashi (Roop Chaturdashi) or Chhoti Diwali by taking bath early in the morning before the sunrise.The demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna,Satyabhama and Kali on this day.
Diwali or Deepavali, festival of lights
Diwali signifies victory of light over darkness. The third day is celebrated as Diwali on Kartik Amavasya, Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped. Deepavali or Diwali also known as Deepotsav, will be celebrated this year on Wednesday, November 7, 2018.
Govardhan Puja or Annakut
Govardhan Puja or AnnakutDeepavali or Diwali also known as Deepotsav, will be celebrated this year on Wednesday, November 7, 2018. Diwali signifies victory of light over darkness.
The fourth day which happens on 8th November 2018 is observed as Govardhan Puja (Annakut) in honor of Lord Krishna,those who have cows and bulls for cultivation perform Puja. It is also celebrated as Gujarati new year and Bali Pratipada, this Padwa is considered a special day for married couple.
Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya
The fifth day is Bhatri Dwitiya, also known as Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya, is the last day of the five-day festival, will be observed on November Friday 9, 2018. On Bhaiya Dooj or Bhau Beej, sisters invite their brothers for feast and perform Puja and special rituals for the long life, safety and well being of their brothers.
For businessmen Diwali is the beginning of a new year (financial) according to Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar in some regions of India.
Shubha Muhurat for Diwali Puja 2018
1) Most auspicious time(Choghadia Muhurat) for Ganesha and Lakshmi Puja or Shubha Muhurat for Diwali Pujan on November 7,2018 will be from 06:12 AM to 7:37 AM (IST) in the morning, total duration =1 hour and 25minutes.
2) Most auspicious Pradosh kaal Ganesha and Lakshmi Puja in Vrishabha kaal Lagna Muhurat will be from 18:59 to 20:02, in the evening, Duration = 1 Hour 3 Mins
Pradosh Kaal is from 17:30 to 20:02
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:59 to 20:56
Significance of Diwali or Deepavali
The festival of lights Diwali or Deepavali creates an atmosphere of joy for the people of all the religions,is celebrated throughout the India and in different parts of the world for different reasons by Hindus, Jain, Sikh and Buddhists.
Diwali signifies victory of light over darkness. People celebrate this festival every year between the mid- October and the mid- November on Kartik Amavasya to drive away darkness and sorrow and invite the light as a symbol of hopes, happiness and prosperity.
In West Bengal and Odisha,this (Tithi)day is celebrated as kali Puja.
Hindus also celebrate Diwali as victory of good(Rama) over evil (Ravana) It is believed that Rama after killing Ravana on Dussehra returned to the kingdom Ayodhya with his brother Lakshman and wife Sita after fourteen years exile.
The These are twelve sections of zodiac circle having 360° numbered clockwise Ascendant is known as the first house and the last house is known as the twelfth house Each house represents specific traits used for prediction., offices and shops are cleaned, renovated and well decorated. Houses are decorated with Rangoli on the floor near the entrance and the walkways using color powder and lights of different colors at the entry door and also outside the house.
Method and items required for Diwali Puja
Vighnaharta Lord Ganesha who is the remover of all the obstacles, is worshiped first, then both Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped together.
Puja of Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha (mother and son) is performed in the evening or the night during the immovable or fixed Rising of a zodiac sign on the eastern horizon at the time of birth, placed in horoscope of a native, as 1st house is most important in calculation and prediction sign(Sthir- Lagna).
Five or seven lamps (Diya) made with clay are filled with Ghee(butter oil),cotton wicks soaked in it are put in the lamps(Diya) Dhoop and incense sticks are lit in front of Lakshmi and Ganesha’s idols placed on a small wooden table along with the silver coin. Devotees pray her to come and sit in their house.
People worship Lakshmi and Ganesh with lotus and other fresh flowers, an assumed dress(Vastra made from the piece of Moli),Roli, sandalwood powder, turmeric, Akshata (unbroken rice),scent (Itra).
Jal Patra (holy water filled in a vessel), Naivedya or Bhoga are offered in the form of sweets. Fresh fruits, dry fruits,Mishri,Makhana, Batasha,Kheel, Dhan lai(Mudi or Kurmura)made from paddy, eleven betel leaves(paan),betel nuts(Supari) cloves and cardamom are also offered to the deity.
Dakshina is offered after bathing the deity (idols) first with Panchamrit,then with pure water. Mantra are chanted,cotton wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter),Dhup and camphor lighted with the flame,known as Aarti lamp or Aarthi lamp is offered by circulating around the deities.
Aarti or devotional songs praising lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are sung to please the deities.Finally Jal is offered around the Aarti lamp (Diya)
Now it is time to place diya or candles both in different parts of the house and outside the house,as well.Sprinkle the holy Jal of the vessel in the whole house for blessings.You may have Prasad and enjoy sweets, fireworks and crackers with your family members.
Diwali one of happiest festival is known as a major shopping period for those who celebrate Diwali in India, Nepal and abroad. People renovate and decorate their houses, purchase luxury items, new clothes, gold and silver coins and precious jewelry. They purchase gifts, dry fruits and sweets to exchange with their friends and relatives.