Diwali or Deepavali, the colorful festival of lights or Deepotsav, comes two days after Dhanteras, extends for five days period. Goddess Lakshmi, the Goddess of wealth and prosperity, visits devotees homes, lighted with Diyas, on a dark night, blesses with peace, wealth, fertility and all round prosperity.
People invite and worship Goddess Lakshmi to visit their homes on Kartik Amavasya, the night of Diwali. That is why they keep burning lights and Diyas all through the night of Diwali.
Auspicious five days for Diwali or Deepavali Utsav
Five days Diwali Puja consists of Dhanteras, Narak Chaturdashi, Diwali, Govardhan Puja or Annakut, Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya.
Mahurat for Lakshmi Kuber Puja/ Dhanteras Puja 2019
Dhanteras, also known as Dhanatrayodashi, the first day of Deepavali Utsav is considered very auspicious and prosperous festival for starting a new business. People purchase gold and silver coins or jewelry and kitchen items on Dhanteras.
The first day of five days long Diwali festival is celebrated as Dhanteras or Lakshmi Kuber Puja for prosperity and wealth, which generally comes just two days before Diwali.
Dhanteras Puja will be celebrated on Friday, October 25, 2019.
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta
Dhanteras Puja Muhurta: from 06:54 PM to 08:38 PM
Pradosh Kaal: from 05:56 PM to 08:41 PM
Vrishabha Kaal: from 06:54 PM to 08:38 PM.
You should worship the idol of Kuber, Kuber Yantra and also the place where you keep the money, with the auspicious sign Swastika made with Sindur and Ghee, especially in the north direction. People worship Dhanwantari, the god of medicines or treatment on Dhanteras.
The list of things you need for Goddess Lakshmi and Lord Kuber Puja are as follows:
Kuber Yantra, or idol of Kuber and Lakshmi, Sindur and Ghee for Swastik, Sandal, Akshat, flowers, Dhoop, Deepak (Diya) with four cotton wicks, filled with mustard oil and a vessel filled with Jal (water).
Following Mantra should be chanted for worshiping Kuber and Dhanwantari:
1) Om Shri Kuberaya Namah!
Aem Pujanam Shri Dhana adhyaksha-Shri Kuber Priyatam !
Namo Namah !
2) Om Dhan Dhanwantari Namaha !
Kali Chaudas/ Narak Chaturdashi/ Roop Chaturdashi or Chhoti Diwali
The second day is celebrated on Saturday, October 26, 2019, as Kali Chaudas or Narak Chaturdashi (Roop Chaturdashi) or Chhoti Diwali.
It is performed by taking a bath early in the morning before the sunrise. The demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna, Satyabhama, and Kali on this day.
Diwali or Deepavali, the festival of lights
Diwali signifies the victory of light over darkness. The third day is celebrated as Diwali on Kartik Amavasya, Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped.
Deepavali or Diwali is also known as Deepotsava, will be celebrated this year on Lakshmi Puja day, Sunday, 27 October 2019.
Shubha Muhurat for Diwali Puja 2019
Pradosh Kaal Muhurat and Vrishabha Kaal Muhurat/ Diwali Puja
Pradosh Kaal: 17:53 to 20:39 IST
Vrishabha Kaal: 18:46 to 20:30 IST
Most auspicious Pradosh Kaal Ganesha and Lakshmi Puja Muhurta in Vrishabha Kaal Lagna Muhurat will be from 18:46 to 20:37 IST.
Choghadiya Puja Muhurat
Auspicious Choghadiya Muhurat for Diwali Lakshmi Puja
Morning Muhurta (Char, Labh, Amrit): from 08:56 – 12:46
Afternoon Muhurta (Shubh): from 14:03 – 15:20
Evening Muhurta (Shubh, Amrit, Char): from 17:53 – 23:03
Govardhan Puja or Annakut
Govardhan Puja or Annakut comes on the next day of Deepavali or Diwali. This is also known as Bali Pratipada.will be celebrated this year on Monday, 28 October 2019.
The fourth day will be celebrated on Monday, 28 October 2019. This is observed as Govardhan Puja (Annakut) in honor of Lord Krishna, Those who have cows and bulls for cultivation perform this Puja.
This Tithi is also celebrated as Gujarati new year and Bali Pratipada or Deepavali Padwa, It is considered a special day for the married couple.
Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya
The fifth day is Bhatri-Dwitiya, also known as Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya, is the last day of the five-day festival, will be observed on Tuesday 29, October 2019.
On Bhaiya Dooj or Bhau Beej, sisters invite their brothers for a feast and perform Puja and special rituals for the long life, safety and well being of their brothers.
For businessmen, Diwali is the beginning of a new year (financial) according to Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar in some regions of India.
Significance of Diwali or Deepavali
The festival of lights Diwali or Deepavali creates an atmosphere of joy for the people of all the religions. It is celebrated throughout India and in different parts of the world for different reasons by Hindus, Jain, Sikh, and Buddhists.
Diwali signifies the victory of light over darkness. People celebrate this festival every year between the mid- October and the mid- November on Kartik Amavasya to drive away darkness and sorrow and invite the light as a symbol of hopes, happiness, and prosperity.
In West Bengal and Odisha, this day is celebrated as Kali Puja, happens on 26 October 2019.
Hindus also celebrate Diwali as the victory of good (Rama) over evil (Ravana) It is believed that Rama after killing Ravana on Dussehra returned to the kingdom Ayodhya with his brother Lakshman and wife Sita after fourteen years exile.
The These are twelve sections of zodiac circle having 360° numbered clockwise Ascendant is known as the first house and the last house is known as the twelfth house Each house represents specific traits used for prediction., offices, shops are cleaned, renovated and well decorated. Houses are decorated with Rangoli on the floor near the entrance and the walkways using color powder and lights of different colors at the entry door and also outside the house.
Method and items required for Diwali Puja
Vighnaharta Lord Ganesha who is the remover of all the obstacles is worshiped first, then both Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped together.
Puja of Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha (mother and son) is performed in the evening or the night during the immovable or fixed Rising of a zodiac sign on the eastern horizon at the time of birth, placed in horoscope of a native, as 1st house is most important in calculation and prediction sign(Sthir-Lagna).
Five or seven lamps (Diya) made with clay are filled with Ghee(butter oil), cotton wicks soaked in it are put in the lamps(Diya) Dhoop and incense sticks are lit in front of Lakshmi and Ganesha’s idols placed on a small wooden table along with the silver coin. Devotees pray her to come and sit in their house.
People worship Lakshmi and Ganesh with lotus and other fresh flowers, an assumed dress(Vastra made from the piece of Moli), Roli, sandalwood powder, turmeric, Akshata (unbroken rice), scent (Itra).
Jal Patra (holy water filled in a vessel), Naivedya or Bhoga are offered in the form of sweets. Fresh fruits, dry fruits, Mishri, Makhana, Batasa, Kheel, Dhan lai(Mudi or Kurmura) made from paddy, eleven betel leaves(paan), betel nuts(Supari) cloves and cardamom are also offered to the deity.
Dakshina is offered after bathing the deity (idols) first with Panchamrit, then with pure water. Mantra is chanted, cotton wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter), Dhup and camphor lighted with the flame, known as Aarti lamp or Aarthi lamp, offered by circulating around the deities.
Aarti or devotional songs praising Lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are sung to please the deities. Finally, Jal is offered around the Aarti lamp (Diya)
Now it is time to place Diya or candles both in different parts of the house and outside the house, as well. Sprinkle the holy Jal of the vessel in the whole house for blessings. You may have Prasad and enjoy sweets, fireworks, and crackers with your family members.
Diwali one of the happiest festival is known as a major shopping period for those who celebrate Diwali in India, Nepal and abroad. People renovate and decorate their houses, purchase luxury items, new clothes, gold and silver coins, and precious jewelry. They purchase gifts, dry fruits and sweets to exchange with their friends and relatives.