Chhatha Puja also known as Surya Chhath Parv or Surya Sashthi is a four day long auspicious festival observed in honor of Sun the Lord of energy,power, nature and life by keeping fast and performing Puja for the progress and the improvement of the health,career,prosperity,success of progeny and other members of the family. It is observed in Bihar, Nepal and some parts of eastern India with great enthusiasm and devotion.
Each day of this four day long festival has a different significance. The dates for Chhath Puja 2017 which is celebrated twice, the first one is Chaitra Chhatha, the first Arghya will be observed on April 3, 2017.
The events for the second Chhath Parv which is celebrated in the month of Kartik, are as follows:
1) The first day is observed specially by ladies folk on Chaturthi, known as Nahay Khay by taking bath in the river, preparing Prasad for lord sun and eating only once on that day.
This event will be on 24th October 2017.
2) The second day is observed on Panchami known as Lohanda and Kharna,fast is kept without taking even a drop of water, the fast is ended only after the sunset by offering fruits and food to the sun.
This event happens on 25th October 2017
3) The third day is also known as Dala Chhath is observed on Shasthi(Surya shasthi) called Sandhya Arghya by keeping day and night fast, worshipping and offering fruits and Arghya to the setting Sun.
This event will be on 26th October 2017
4) The fourth day and the last day is observed on Saptami known as Usha Arghya or Paran day of Puja and thirty six hour fast by offering Arghya to the rising sun.
This will be observed on 27th October 2017.