Chhatha Puja also known as Surya Chhatha Parv or Surya Shashthi is a four day long auspicious festival observed in honor of Sun, the Lord of energy, power, nature and life. The Sun God is worshiped by keeping fast and performing Puja for the progress and health, career, prosperity and success of self and progeny.
It is observed in Bihar, Nepal and some parts of eastern India with great enthusiasm and devotion.
Chhatha Puja which begins on Chaturthi, is a four day festival, Nahay Khay, Lohanda and Kharna, Dala Chhatha, the fourth and the last day is called Paran day. Chhatha Puja or Chhatha Parv is celebrated twice, in Chaitra and Kartik Month.
The first one is known as Chaitra Chhatha, Chaiti Chhatha Puja, Yamuna Chhatha/ Katyayini Puja. It will be celebrated in Shukla Paksha in the lunar month of Chaitra, it’s first Arghya will be observed with the rising sun on Thursday, April 11, 2019, next year.
The second Chhatha Parv is celebrated in the Shukla Paksha,of Kartik month, based on lunar calendar (Amavashyant). This second Chhatha Parv or Chhatha Puja begins with the first Arghya will be observed on Tuesday, November 13, 2018, this year.
Each day of this four day long Chhatha Puja festival has a different significance.
Events for Chhatha Puja
The four events for the second Chhatha Puja 2018, which is celebrated in the month of Kartik, are as follows:
1) The first day is observed on Chaturthi, specially by ladies folk, known as Nahay Khay by taking bath in the river, preparing Prasad for lord sun offering Arghya to the rising sun and eating only once on that day.
This event will be on 13th November 2018.
2) The second day is observed on Panchami known as Lohanda and Kharna,fast is kept without taking even a drop of water, the fast is ended only after the sunset by offering fruits and food(Bhog) to the sun.
This event happens on 14th November 2018
3) The third day is also known as Dala Chhatha is observed on Shashthi(Surya shashthi) called Sandhya Arghya by keeping day and night fast, worshiping and offering fruits and Arghya to the setting Sun in the evening.
This event will be on 15th November 2018
4) The fourth day and the last day is observed on Saptami known as Usha Arghya or Paran day of Puja and thirty six hour fast by offering Arghya to the rising sun.
This will be observed on 16th November 2018. Paran means end, Paran day of Puja means last day of Puja.