Adhika Maas is a kind of Mal Maas, also known as Purushottam Maas, named after God Vishnu’s name. According to Hindu Lunar Calendar, Adhika Maas or Adhika Masam occurs once, approximately after every 32 months, 16 days and 8 Ghatis. It is an extra lunar month, has no (naming a newborn baby) engagement, marriage, starting a new venture, Griha- Pravesha (shifting to a new house), laying foundation of a house or purchasing a new vehicle or property.
Adhika Maas 2015 occurs this year on June 17, 2015. The first fortnight: Krishna Paksha and the last fortnight: Shukla Paksha of the two Ashadh Maas(months) are auspicious and the middle one month i.e. first Ashadh Pratipada (June 17) to 2nd Ashadha Amavasya (July 16) is inauspicious due to Adhik Maas.
This year’s Ashadh Maas occurs as an Adhik Ashadh Maas, starts on June 17 and ends on July 16, 2015 after 19 years, which is considered very significant for Jap, Daan, Puja to nullify the effects of Pitra Dosha. The two Ashadh months,(one Adhik or extra month)occur due to the absence of Surya Sankranti between two Paksha. During this particular period of Ashadh Maas, total Ashadh month duration will be of 2 months, from June 3 to July 31, 2015, as second Ashadh maas ends on the second Ashadh Purnima (Jupiter Purnima).
Adhik Maas does not occur in the months of Kartik or Magh.
Adhika Maas Daan and Religious Activities:
Adhik Maas is favourable month for all religious activities such as :Mantra chanting, Japa, Puja (worship) of Lord Vishnu, charity and pilgrimage, the practice of these should be enhanced.
Keeping fast (Vrat) by taking vegetarian meal only once at night, donation in the form of food (Anna daan) clothes and beddings(Vastra daan) are highly recommended to minimize or nullify the bad effects of our sins which we may have committed in our past or present life.
Performing rituals like Yagna, Havan, reciting holy texts or Katha, chanting Mantra and arranging religious get together (Satsanga) during Adhik Maas or on Adhik Maas Purnima help in minimizing our accumulated Pap-karma(sin).
Surya Sankranti, which means there is no Movement of planets in the sky in real time of Sun into any of twelve signs, during this specific one month’s period between two Paksha, i.e. Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha, is considered an inauspicious month for starting a new event such as Mundan, Namkaran Sanskar.