Adhika Maas is a kind of Mal Maas, also known as Purushottam Maas, named after God Vishnu’s name and is dedicated to Lord Vishnu. According to Hindu Lunar Calendar, Adhika Maas or Adhika Masam occurs once, approximately after every 32 months, 16 days and 8 Ghatis. It is an extra lunar month, has no (naming a newborn baby) engagement, marriage, starting a new venture, Griha- Pravesha (shifting to a new house), laying foundation of a house or purchasing a new vehicle or property.
Adhika Maas 2018 occurs this year on Wednesday, May 16, 2018. The first fortnight: Krishna Paksha and the last fortnight: Shukla Paksha of the two Jyeshtha Maas(months) are auspicious and the middle one month i.e. first Jyestha Pratipada (May 16) to 2nd Jyeshtha Amavasya (June 13) is inauspicious due to Adhik Maas.
This year’s Jyeshtha Maas begins on 1st May, 2018(north), occurs as an Adhik Jyeshtha Maas 2018, starts on May 16 and ends on June 13, 2018, which is considered very significant for Jap, Daan, Puja to nullify the effects of Pitra Dosha. The two Jyeshtha months,(one Adhik or extra month)occur due to the absence of Surya Sankranti between two Paksha. During this particular period of Jyestha Maas, total Jyeshtha month duration will be of more than one month, from May 16 to June 13, 2018, as second maas ends on 13th June, 2018.
Adhik Maas does not occur in the months of Kartik or Magh.
Adhika Maas Daan and Religious Activities:
Adhik Maas is a sacred and favourable month for all religious activities such as: Mantra chanting, Japa, Puja (worship) of Lord Vishnu, charity and pilgrimage, the practice of these should be enhanced.
Keeping fast (Vrat) by taking vegetarian meal only once at night, donation in the form of food (Anna daan) clothes and beddings(Vastra daan) are highly recommended to minimize or nullify the bad effects of our sins which we may have committed in our past or present life.
Performing rituals like Yagna, Havan, reciting holy texts or Katha, chanting Mantra and arranging religious get together (Satsanga) during Adhik Maas or on Adhik Maas Purnima help in minimizing our accumulated Pap-karma(sin).
Surya Sankranti, which means there is no Movement of planets in the sky in real time of Sun into any of twelve signs, during this specific one month’s period between two Paksha, i.e. Krishna Paksha and Shukla Paksha, is considered an inauspicious month for starting a new event such as Mundan, Namkaran Sanskar.