Makar Sankranti Uttarayan, Pongal, Bhogali Bihu,Poush Parbon or Makaravilakku is considered one of the most auspicious days of Hindus in Vedic The study of the influence of celestial bodies on earth and humans and Indian history, observed as festival of Sun. It is observed by worshipping Lord Surya, as the sun transits into Heaven divided into 12 signs, of 30° each sign Capricorn(Surya Sankranti in Makar Rashi) on Magh Krishna Paksha Pratipada. Inauspicious month(Kharmas) ends on Makar Sankranti on 14th January 2018.
This significant festival is observed as major harvest festival in all over India during the month of January, generally on 14 January every year, in different forms. In Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and other parts of North India, it is celebrated as Lohri (13th January). It is also celebrated as Makar Sankranti or Khichadi in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and Madhya Pradesh, Magh Mela is held on this day at Prayag annually.
In Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and other parts of India, it is celebrated as Sankranti. In Kashmir valley this festival is celebrated as Shishur Saenkraat. In Maharashtra and Goa it is observed as Makar Sankranti and women celebrate it with Haldi kumkum.
In Gujarat and other parts of western India it is celebrated as Uttarayan, as sun moves in Uttarayan from Dakshinayana, this day is also famous for kite flying event in different parts of India.
The famous Ganga Sagar Mela is an important event during Makar Sankranti, held at the head of River Ganges, in West Bengal, lac of devotees visit this place to take holy dip in Ganges to nullify the ill effects of their sinful deeds. This day is celebrated as Poush Parbon, Maghara Domahi, Bhogali Bihu festival in West Bengal, Assam, Uttarayana Makar Sankranti in Orissa, Pongal in Tamil Nadu and Makaravilakku at Sabarimala,in Kerala.
The Uttarayana Punya-kal or Uttarayan Punyakalam (holy bath) begins with the Movement of planets in the sky in real time of Sun in Capricorn (Makar Rashi) or Makar Sankranti. Lac of pilgrims rise early in the morning, take ritual bath at Sangam in Allahabad or at other holy river banks, offer Arghya to Lord Surya, chant Surya Mantra and perform different rituals on this day.
Worshiping of Lord Shiva, Vishnu and Surya and prescribed rituals should be performed on Sankranti. Makar Sankranti is considered an auspicious day for Kumbh snaan and donation.Til (sesame seeds) Gur (jaggery) Khichadi (black Urad Daal and rice) Masoor Daal, clothes and bedding are donated to the Brahmin and poor needy people. It is considered that the Holy Snan-daan may cancel Pitra Dosha and the curses of past and present life. This day is believed most significant for attaining Moksha (Salvation) and fulfilling long awaited desires of devotees. It is recommended to eat Khichadi and Ladoos made with Til and Gur (sesame seeds and jaggery) also known as Tilkut as Prasad.
The days after Makar Sankranti are considered good for starting all auspicious events with the end of inauspicious month of Kharmas.
Surya Beej Mantra
1.”Om Ghrini Suryaya Namah”
2.”Om Namo Bhagavate Suryaya namah”