Diwali or Deepavali the festival of lights also known as Deepotsav, is a blast of colors and lights, extends for five days period, will be celebrated this year on Thursday, October 19, 2017.
The first day is celebrated as Dhanteras or Lakshmi Kuber Puja for prosperity and wealth which generally comes just two days before Diwali will be celebrated on Tuesday, October 17 2017. People purchase gold,silver and kitchen items on Dhanteras. Dhanteras is considered very auspicious and prosperous festival for starting a new business. You should worship idol of Kuber, Kuber Yantra and the place you keep the money with the auspicious sign Swastika made with sindur and Ghee in the north direction,sandal, Akshat,flowers,Dhoop,Deepak with four cotton wicks, filled with mustard oil and a vessel filled with jal(water).
Following Mantra should be chanted for worshipping Kuber and Dhanvantari:
1) Om Shri Kuberaya Namaha !
Aem Pujanam Shri Dhana adhyaksha-Shri Kuber Priyatam !
Namo Namah !
2) Om Dhan Dhanvantari Namaha !
The second day is celebrated on Wednesday, October 18, 2018 as Kali Chaudas or Narak Chaturdashi(Roop Chaturdashi) or Chhoti Diwali by taking bath early in the morning before the sunrise.The demon Narakasura was killed by Lord Krishna,Satyabhama and Kali on this day.
The third day is celebrated as Diwali on Kartik Amavasya, Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshipped.
The fourth day which happens on 20th October 2017 is observed as Govardhan Puja(Annakut) in honor of Lord Krishna,those who have cows and bulls for cultivation perform Puja. It is also celebrated as Gujarati new year and Bali Pratipada, this Padwa is considered a special day for married couple.
The fifth day known as Bhaiya Dooj or Yam Dwitiya, is the last day of the five-day festival, will be observed on October Saturday 21, 2016. On Bhaiya Dooj or Bhau Beej, sisters invite their brothers for feast and perform Puja and special rituals for the long life, safety and well being of their brothers.
For businessmen Diwali is the beginning of a new year (financial) according to Hindu Vikram Samvat calendar in some regions of India.
Shubha Muhurat for Diwali Puja 2017
1) Most auspicious time(Choghadia Muhurat) for Ganesha and Lakshmi Puja or Shubha Muhurat for Diwali Pujan on October 19,2017 will be from 06:12 AM to 7:37 AM (IST) in the morning, total duration =1 hour and 25minutes.
2) Most auspicious Pradosh kaal Ganesha and Lakshmi Puja in Vrishabha kaal Lagna Muhurat will be from 18:59 to 20:02, in the evening, Duration = 1 Hour 3 Mins
Pradosh Kaal is from 17:30 to 20:02
Vrishabha Kaal = 18:59 to 20:56
Significance of Diwali
The festival of lights Diwali or Deepavali creates an atmosphere of joy for the people of all the religions,is celebrated throughout the India and in different parts of the world for different reasons by Hindus,Jain,Sikh and Buddhists every year between the mid- October and the mid- November on Kartik Amavasya to drive away darkness and sorrow and invite the light as a symbol of hopes, happiness and prosperity.Diwali signifies victory of light over darkness.In West Bengal and Odisha,this (Tithi)day is celebrated as kali Puja.
Hindus also celebrate Diwali as victory of good(Rama) over evil (Ravana) It is believed that Rama after killing Ravana on Dussehra returned to the kingdom Ayodhya with his brother Lakshman and wife Sita after fourteen years exile.
The These are twelve sections of zodiac circle having 360° numbered clockwise Ascendant is known as the first house and the last house is known as the twelfth house Each house represents specific traits used for prediction., offices and shops are cleaned, renovated and well decorated. Houses are decorated with Rangoli on the floor near the entrance and the walkways using color powder and lights of different colors at the entry door and also outside the house.
Method and items required for Diwali Puja
Vighnaharta Lord Ganesha who is the remover of all the obstacles, is worshipped first, then both Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshipped together.
Puja of Goddess Lakshmi and Ganesha (mother and son) is performed in the evening or the night during the immovable or fixed Rising of a zodiac sign on the eastern horizon at the time of birth, placed in horoscope of a native, as 1st house is most important in calculation and prediction sign(Sthira Lagna) as Goddess Lakshmi is believed to be Goddess of wealth and prosperity visits the houses of the devotees during the dark night of Diwali and blesses them with peace, fertility and all round prosperity. That is why lights and Diyas are kept burning all through the night.
Five or seven lamps (Diya) made with clay are filled with Ghee(butter oil),cotton wicks soaked in it are put in the lamps(Diya) Dhoop and incense sticks are lit in front of Lakshmi and Ganesha’s idols placed on a small wooden table along with the silver coin. Devotees pray her to come and sit in their house.
People worship Lakshmi and Ganesh with lotus and other fresh flowers, an assumed dress(Vastra made from the piece of Moli),Roli, sandalwood powder, turmeric, Akshata (unbroken rice),scent (Itra).
Jal Patra (holy water filled in a vessel), Naivedya or Bhoga are offered in the form of sweets. Fresh fruits, dry fruits,Mishri,Makhana, Batasha,Kheel, Dhan lai(Mudi or Kurmura)made from paddy, eleven betel leaves(paan),betel nuts(Supari) cloves and cardamom are also offered to the deity.
Dakshina is offered after bathing the deity (idols) first with Panchamrit,then with pure water. Mantra are chanted,cotton wicks soaked in ghee (purified butter),Dhup and camphor lighted with the flame,known as Aarti lamp or Aarthi lamp is offered by circulating around the deities. Aarti or devotional songs praising lord Ganesha and Goddess Lakshmi are sung to please the deities.Finally Jal is offered around the Aarti lamp (Diya)
Now it is time to place diya or candles both in different parts of the house and outside the house,as well.Sprinkle the holy Jal of the vessel in the whole house for blessings.You may have Prasad and enjoy sweets, fireworks and crackers with your family members.
Diwali one of happiest festival is known as a major shopping period for those who celebrate Diwali in India, Nepal and abroad. People renovate and decorate their houses, purchase luxury items, new clothes, gold and silver coins and precious jewelry. They purchase gifts, dry fruits and sweets to exchange with their friends and relatives.