All Purnima Tithi(days)are considered auspicious and are celebrated as festivals, throughout the year in India and other parts of the world. Vaishakh Purnima or Baishakh Purnima is considered one of the sacred and significant festivals held throughout the world. Purnima is the Indian and Nepali name for full moon. It is an important lunar Tithi for Snaan-daan and Havan/ Homam and Purna Ahuti. People observe Satyanarayan Vrat(fast) on Vaishakh Purnima/Baishakh Purnima. People can get rid of their financial, health and marriage related problems or bad effects of the Pitra Dosh problems with the worship and blessings of God.
Devotees observe fast, worship and offer flowers, fruits, sweets and Jal to Lord Shiva, Lord Vishnu and Goddess Lakshmi. On this auspicious Purnima Tithi. People offer Arghya to moon, donate food and clothes to poor and chant Mantra. They take holy river bath during early hours of the morning before performing Puja, Havan, Purna Ahuti and Daan rituals.
Vaishakh Purnima is also celebrated as Kurma Jayanti. This sacred day is the birth anniversary of Kurma who is Lord Vishnu’s second incarnation. Vaishakh Purnima is also called Kurma Purnima (snan-daan). It occurs on full moon day in the Hindu lunar month(Chandra Maas) Vaishakh/Baishakh in April or May. Besides the religious festival, it is also celebrated as a harvest festival.
Performing Puja, Homa and Daan on Vaishakh Purnima:
Devotees will celebrate this auspicious Vaishakh Purnima or Kurma Purnima festival on Monday, April 30, 2018, this year.
After getting up in the early morning and taking bath, Baishakh Purnima or Vaishakh Purnima Vrat Katha is narrated in front of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and Goddess Lakshmi in the local temple. After lighting the Dhup and Deepak (lamp filled with ghee) flowers, fruits and sweets are offered to the God and goddess. Arti, Homa and Purna Ahuti rituals are also performed. Devotees offer Arghya to the Moon. Prasad is distributed to all the people present there. Some kind of donation(Dakshina) is offered to the priest. Charity (Anna, Vastra, Jal -Daan) to the poor or needy people is made.
It is also celebrated as a harvest festival.
Budh Purnima or Buddha Purnima
This great and auspicious Tithi is also known as Vesak/Hanamat Suri, Budh Purnima or Buddha Purnima. Budh Purnima is also known as Trividhi Pavan Day. Gautam Buddha was born on this auspicious Tithi Vaishakh Purnima. Gautam Budh was the founder of the religious philosophy Buddhism. Lord Buddha ‘the enlightened one’gave the important spiritual teachings after he attained the ‘enlightenment’ and nirvana (salvation) on the same day. The followers of Buddhism worship and offer flowers, fruits and candles to Gautam Buddha and remember his teachings with great respect. Buddhist monks chant ancient verses for the followers on this day.